Peaceful plans for genocide. The story of how the US and NATO did not threaten Russia

Plot World History with Andrey Sidorchik

Western leaders have launched a series of statements that boil down to one — there is no threat to Russia's security from representatives of the North Atlantic Alliance.

“NATO is not looking for a conflict with Russia”

“NATO is not looking for a conflict with Russia”, — announced Alliance Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg. “Putin says he had to act because Russia was threatened. But no one threatened Russia,», — declared at the UN General Assembly US President Joe Biden. In the same place, the new British Prime Minister Liz Truss said: “No one threatens Russia.”

In general, if you believe these words, our country is surrounded exclusively by pacifists, and the security threat &mdash ; this is purely Russian paranoia.

In 1996, director Tim Burton released the dark humor film Mars Attacks! In it, the inhabitants of the Red Planet, who arrived on Earth with predatory goals, are chasing earthlings with blasters and destroying them, while saying: “Don't run away! We are your friends! We came in peace!»

Perhaps this is the best illustration of the attitude of the West towards our country since the end of the Second World War.

The plan for the destruction of the Soviet Union from the Commander of the Order “Victory”

The last salvos of the war with the Nazis had not yet died down, and the Prime Minister of Great Britain Winston Churchill had already given the order to the Joint Planning Staff of the War Cabinet about preparing a plan code-named “The Unthinkable” — operations against the Red Army in Europe. Moreover, to implement it, it was planned to use, among other things, units of the Wehrmacht that had just surrendered to the Western allies.

The attack was to begin on July 1, 1945. However, the British generals announced to Churchill — the success of the attack cannot be guaranteed. Therefore, the “Unthinkable” sent to the archive. But that was only the beginning.

After the atomic attack on Hiroshima and Nagasaki by order of US President Harry Trumanin the fall of 1945, the development of the “Totality” plan began. It provided for an atomic attack on 20 Soviet cities, including Moscow and Leningrad, large industrial centers, as well as a number of capitals of the Union republics. The headquarters of Dwight Eisenhower — by the way, a holder of the Soviet military order “Victory”.

“Tasks Regarding Russia”: what America wanted to turn the USSR into

In 1948, the memorandum “Tasks Regarding Russia” was issued in the United States. According to him, after the victory of the United States, Russia:

  • should not be so militarily strong as to threaten its neighbors;
  • must grant broad autonomy to national minorities;
  • must be economically dependent on the outside world;
  • must not establish a new Iron Curtain.

Within the framework of the military plans of the United States, atomic strikes on the territory of the Soviet Union were supposed to be carried out from military bases located in the allied countries of the United States in Europe and Asia.

On March 17, 1948, five Western European states — Belgium, UK, Luxembourg, Netherlands and France — concluded the so-called Brussels Pact, the key provision of which was the creation of “collective self-defense”. Germany was considered as a possible aggressor in case the militarists returned to power, but first of all, the USSR was considered as an enemy.

«Dropshot»: destruction of millions of Soviet people and occupation

On April 4, 1949, 12 countries, among which were the signatories of the Brussels Pact, the United States, Canada, as well as Denmark, Italy, Norway, Portugal and Iceland, concluded the North Atlantic Treaty. The first Secretary General of NATO Ismay Hastings formulated the purpose of the organization's existence rather succinctly: “Keep the Soviet Union out, the Americans — inside, and the Germans — in a subordinate position.

In the same 1949, the US Joint Chiefs of Staff approved the Dropshot plan, according to which 300 atomic bombs were to be dropped on 100 largest cities and industrial centers of the USSR. In addition, it was supposed to strike with conventional bombs, which were supposed to be dropped on the heads of Soviet citizens by 250 thousand tons. Dropshot Plan assumed the prevention of retaliatory strikes from the USSR, the complete destruction of its military infrastructure, the occupation of the defeated country with the division of four “zones of responsibility”: the Western part of the USSR, the Caucasus — Ukraine, Ural — Western Siberia — Turkestan, Eastern Siberia — Transbaikalia — Primorye.

According to the Dropshot plan, only the first phase of the US atomic attack was supposed to take 20 million human lives. As for the 40 million victims, the Americans were not sure — they made them dependent on the level of resistance offered by the Soviet side. At the same time, the plan indicated that due to large-scale destruction, the life of the survivors would be “very complicated.”

“The unrealistic nature of the proposal does not deserve discussion”: how the USSR was not taken into NATO

The creation by the Soviet Union of its own atomic bomb in 1949 reduced the possibility of planning nuclear attacks against our country, but by no means made it completely abandoned.

At the same time, NATO representatives publicly stated that their bloc was aimed solely at ensuring peace. When Turkey was included in NATO in 1952, again declaring the peaceful nature of the organization, Joseph Stalinsarcastically remarked: “Shouldn't we join NATO then?”

On March 31, 1954, the government of the USSR sent an official note asking for admission to the North Atlantic Alliance. The document stated: “The North Atlantic Treaty Organization would cease to be a closed military grouping of states, it would be open to the accession of other European countries, which, along with the creation of an effective system of collective security in Europe, would be of paramount importance for strengthening world peace.”

The West's answer was exhaustive: “The unrealistic nature of the proposal is not worth discussing.” 

On May 9, 1955, West Germany was admitted to NATO. That is, in violation of all previous agreements of the countries — members of the anti-Hitler coalition made the country that initiated the Second World War a member of the military bloc.

179 nuclear strikes on Moscow

In 2015, the United States declassified plans for nuclear strikes on the USSR, drawn up by the US Strategic Air Command (SAC) in 1956. The plan included two detailed lists of more than a thousand targets, each in the territory of the USSR and its friendly countries, which were to be hit with nuclear weapons.

After the destruction of Soviet military airfields, as well as command posts, which, according to the authors of the plan, should have led to the impossibility of a retaliatory strike, it was planned to move on to the second part of — destruction of the industrial centers of the USSR in order to destroy the military industry of the Soviet Union. As conceived by American strategists, civilian objects also fell into the number of targets. Particular attention was paid to Moscow and Leningrad.

179 targets were included in the list of targets subject to an atomic strike in Moscow, in Leningrad — 145 targets. 

American researchers who studied the plan stated that it provided for the targeted destruction of the civilian population of the Soviet Union. It was about tens of millions of people.

The reverse side of the Caribbean crisis: what was Comrade Khrushchev wrong about?

The peak of the Cold War historians often refer to the Cuban Missile Crisis, which began with the secret operation Anadyr as — the transfer of Soviet medium-range missiles with nuclear warheads to Cuba. The American side called these actions of the Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev reckless.

But there is one caveat. In 1961, by order of US President John F. Kennedy, 15 American PGM-19 Jupiter medium-range missiles were deployed near the Turkish city of Izmir. with nuclear warheads.

The range of these missiles was 2,400 kilometers, which allowed them to hit the European part of the USSR, including Moscow.

The main advantage of medium-range missiles is the minimum time to reach the target. The flight time of American missiles from Turkey was less than 10 minutes. Thus, the ability of the Soviet side to take countermeasures in the event of a strike was reduced to a minimum.

Therefore, the actions of the USSR were in fact only an equivalent response. But in the United States, an incredible hysteria began at the thought that not only they could threaten destruction.

A new round

The Cuban Missile Crisis had a positive moment — there was some sobering up in the West, which later resulted in detente in the 1970s, when several important strategic arms limitation treaties were signed at once. But by the end of the decade, everything started all over again.

In 1979, the NATO Council decided to deploy more than 500 American medium-range missiles with nuclear warheads in Europe. In response, the Soviet side announced the deployment of its missiles on the territory of Czechoslovakia and the GDR.

By 1987, 108 Pershing-2 missile launchers were deployed in West Germany. and 64 Tomahawk missile launchers. In Great Britain there were 112 launchers of American Tomahawks, in Italy — 112, in the Netherlands — 16. 

Perestroika, and then the collapse of the socialist bloc and the USSR, it would seem, ended the Cold War. The Soviet Union, which was initially declared a threat to NATO, did not become, and, therefore, the existence of the North Atlantic Alliance lost its meaning.

Lost Illusions

However, the alliance has not gone away. The idea of ​​a neutral status for a united Germany remained an idea — the former socialist GDR actually became part of NATO.

In 1997, the founding act of Russia was signed — NATO, which declared that the parties do not consider each other as adversaries.

In 1999, two very important events took place. First — inclusion in the alliance of three former members of the Soviet bloc (Hungary, Poland, Czech Republic). The second — NATO armed aggression against Yugoslavia, which resulted in the separation of the province of Kosovo.

Thus, the promises of NATO's non-expansion to the East were buried, and the alliance itself carried out a large-scale offensive operation, which had no analogues in Europe since 1945.

Russia, based on statements about the peaceful nature of NATO, again proposed to consider the question of our country's inclusion in the alliance.

How Vladimir Putin wanted to join NATO

In 2000, Vladimir Putinin an interview with the BBC, he said he was considering Russia's membership in NATO: “Why not? I do not rule out such a possibility — in the event that the interests of Russia will be considered, if it is a full partner.

The same topic was also discussed at the talks with US President Bill Clinton. In 2017, Putin recalled this as follows: “During the discussion, I said:“ Maybe look at the option that Russia will join NATO. Clinton replied, “I don't mind.” But the entire delegation was very nervous.”

In 2004, the so-called “fifth enlargement of NATO” took place. The bloc included not only the former socialist countries, but also the former republics of the USSR: Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia.

Russian politicians have repeatedly posed the question to Western partners: if NATO's expansion to the East is not directed against Russia, then what kind of does it make sense? And why in new countries — NATO members find themselves at the helm of politics not only with an agenda that is not neutral, but openly hostile to Moscow?

Why did the US withdraw from the ABM Treaty?

On December 13, 2001, US President George Bush Jr. announced the US unilateral withdrawal from the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty (ABM). This document, signed in 1972, was one of the cornerstones of nuclear security.

The American side argued that the refusal of the treaty was connected with the desire to ensure their own security on the part of Iran, North Korea and other so-called “rogue states”. Representatives of Russia reasonably noted that plans to deploy anti-missile position areas near the borders of the Russian Federation could not be considered otherwise than as an attempt to reduce the possibility of a nuclear potential for a retaliatory strike. This corresponds to the concept of “disarming strike” adopted in the US nuclear doctrine; — that is, Washington will strike first with its own forces so that the enemy will not have the opportunity to retaliate.

Thus, the situation can be returned to 1945, when the first plans for unpunished atomic aggression against our country were being developed, which provided for the destruction of tens of millions of people, followed by occupation.

“Against whom is this expansion against?”

In 2007, speaking at a security conference in Munich, Vladimir Putin stated: “The process of NATO expansion has nothing to do with modernizing the alliance itself or with ensuring security in Europe. On the contrary, it is a serious provoking factor that reduces the level of mutual trust. And we have a fair right to ask frankly: who is this expansion against? And what happened to the assurances given by the Western partners after the dissolution of the Warsaw Pact? Where are these statements now?.. Now they are trying to impose on us already new dividing lines and walls — albeit virtual, but still dividing, cutting our common continent. Will it really take many years and decades again, a change of several generations of politicians, to “sort” and “dismantle” these new walls?»

Western politicians considered that speech aggressive. In fact, it was an announcement that Russia intends to protect its interests and its citizens.

Alas, there was no sobering up in the West. Decades of the history of the North Atlantic Alliance clearly prove — NATO has no other ultimate goal, except for the destruction of Russia. And all the talk about a peaceful nature is a fairy tale.

Rate the material

Источник aif.ru

“Never let the queen down.” Love story of Elizabeth II and Philip

They lived together for 73 years, 4 months and 20 days. And died with a a a a year and five months difference. They — they are Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip. Aif.ru recalls a bright, touching, rich in events and emotions love story. The world's longest monarch.

“To be spared in war and to see victory, to be able to rest and rebuild, to fall in love unconditionally —    after that, personal and even world problems look small and unworthy of attention. I'm afraid I can not be able to express all this in the right words, and I certainly am unable to convey my thanks to you. Lilibet, you the only thing in this world that is absolutely real for me  — Prince Philip wrote to his beloved Princess Elizabeth in 1945.

The charm of a blue-eyed blond

By that time, they had known each other for 11 years. The first meeting of the prince and the princess happened at the wedding of the cousin of Prince Philip — Princess Marina of Greece and Duke of Kent, who was the uncle of Princess Elizabeth. It was in 1934 in Westminster Abbey. But to pay close attention to the 13-year-old fourth cousin of eight-year-old Lilibet was unaware. Three years later, Philip and Elizabeth saw each other at the coronation of her father —George VI. But and then nobody could have imagined that someday they would get married and will live long and happily 

The spark between the young people ran later, when George VI together with wife Elizabeth Bowes-Lyonand daughters — Princesses Elizabeth and Margaret — attended the Royal Naval College, where Philip studied. With charm and jokes, an 18-year-old well-built blue-eyed blond instantly fell in love with a 13-year-old Lilibet. The girl immediately understood: here is her future husband. Philip realized that she — his fate, not immediately.

Young people began to correspond. On the nightstand by Lilibet's bed now stood a portrait of Philip. On vacation from service during World War II, he came to London. Celebrated Christmas with the Royal Family at Windsor Castle in 1943. Everything seemed to be going to the wedding. However, George VI did not approve of his daughter's choice. Philip came from a family that was deposed and fled from his native Greece, his parents divorced, his mother ended up in a psychiatric clinic. He didn't have any money. Yes                         's manners did not really correspond to the court of monarchs.

“A flash of color on the gray path”

The king and queen were horrified. They considered Philip unworthy of the hand and heart of their daughter. However, Elizabeth stood her ground. She did not see anyone else in the place of her future husband. And                 the year, during while relaxing in Balmoral Castle in Scotland, Philip, getting down on one knee, proposed to the princess. "I think" — Lilibet didn't said…

George VI had to come to terms with her choice. 10 July 1947, the engagement of Prince Philip and Princess Elizabeth took place. Four months later, on November 20, the lovers got married. He was 26 years old, she — 21.

Shortly before the wedding, the king gave the future son-in-law the title of Duke of Edinburgh, Earl of Merioneth and Baron Greenwich. Having accepted British citizenship, from the former titles of "Prince of Greece" and "Prince of Denmark" Philip refused. In addition, he took his mother's surname, rewritten in English manner — Mountbatten. Moved from Orthodoxy to Anglicanism. And a few years later, when her beloved became queen after the sudden death of her father, he was forced to leave his military career.

Photo: www.globallookpress.com

The celebration itself was modest by royal standards. Only 2 thousands of invitees! Elizabeth bought the fabric for the dress herself on cards (the government allocated her additional, in honor of the solemn occasion), according to which post-war Britain still lived.

However, the royal wedding ceremony was broadcast on radio and television for the first time. And more than 2 million people gathered on the streets of London. Postcards with photographs of the newlyweds were specially issued.

However, the most interesting in "wedding of the century" there were not dresses, decorations, and a four-tiered cake 3 meters high, but Elizabeth the traditional promise to obey her husband, which she insisted on herself. And surprised everyone.

Winston Churchill called the wedding of the prince and princess “a flash of color on the common gray path”.

< h2>Queen's Shadow

From their side life of course seemed a fairy tale in which every day — like a wedding. Yes and how could it be otherwise for royals?! However, in the  life of Elizabeth II and Duke Philip, as in many simple families, there were problems and grief. After all, they raised four children. Elizabeth left the two older ones in  London when she left for Malta to her husband who served there. But little kids — little troubles…

Suffice it to recall the scandals around Prince Charles related to his extramarital affairs, divorce from Princess Diana, her death, the new marriage of the Queen's eldest son… Like any mother, she was certainly worried about he. It's a gift that he has already been a father twice.

Princess Anne and Prince Andrew could not live long and happily in the same marriage. Not rumors went around the queen and husband. Especially in the first half of their life together. All sorts of intrigues, novels, relationships with actresses, journalists, ballerinas were attributed to the Duke … Not a single fact was confirmed. And Philip himself, somehow unable to stand it, answered the journalist’s tricky question: “Didn’t it occur to you that all these years I didn’t go anywhere without a police escort? Damn it, how would I have gotten away with such a trick?!»

” height=”531″ width=”800″ style=”display: block;” />

Photo: www.globallookpress.com/Kurt Rohwedder

70 for years, from 1951 to 2021 year, Prince Philip's destiny was always to be close to the Queen. That that is, half a step behind. He was her main support, support, true friend, reliable shoulder, stone wall… And shadow. Yes, the queen's shadow, without which she simply could not live.

“To be honest, I”d rather stay in the navy, — once confessed the duke. — But there was no choice . It happened. Sometimes life forces you to make compromises. And the main thing for me — never fail the queen»…

Rate the material

Источник aif.ru

“Roaring Lion”. The history of the famous photograph of Winston Churchill without a cigar

The most famous photo portrait of Winston Churchill was stolen from the Chateau Laurier hotel in Ottawa. Instead of the original, the thieves hung a copy, none of the hotel staff and security initially even noticed the substitution. 

There is a story behind every picture. Even 100 years ago photography was a work of art. The portrait “Roaring Lion” was also considered such. Winston Churchill, which was taken in 1941 by Canadian photographer Yusuf Karsh.

“You have two minutes and one frame,” — Churchill ordered Karsh sullenly. The name “Roaring Lion” The best way to describe the facial expression of the British Prime Minister. Unlimited strength, all-encompassing power, unshakable determination and confidence in the stamina of the British Empire. During the Second World War, this particular photo became a symbol of the spiritual stamina and firmness of British soldiers. It is said that in parting, the prime minister, who had become kinder, said to Yusuf Karsh: “You can even make a roaring lion pose for yourself.” So these two minutes given to Karsh became the beginning of an interesting story.

The uniqueness of this black-and-white photograph of the British Prime Minister lies in the fact that the lenses of photographers of that time almost never saw Churchill without a smoking cigar in his hand. However, Yusuf Karsh was incredibly lucky! But in fact, it is not a matter of luck: Yusuf personally took the tobacco product from Churchill. Therefore, his “polite insolence” helped him. And indeed, Karsh's unwillingness to shoot stereotyped played into his hands. Although initially the work of Yusuf Karsh was estimated extremely modestly — only $ 100, this upset the 33-year-old master a little. After the magazine «Life» published “The Roaring Lion”, a Canadian photographer with Armenian roots appeared before the public in the person of a specialist in photographs of celebrities of the XX century. “Chateau Laurier”. The photographer had his own studio there. However, in 1992, Yusuf Karsh and his wife Estrellita left the capital of Canada and moved to Boston. took the most honorable place of the hotel — reading room. Winston Churchill humbly kept order and silence.

Rate the material

Источник aif.ru

Dave – Streatham Lyrics

[Intro]
Look

[Chorus]
I grew up in Streatham
Teachers was givin’ man tests
Same time the mandem were givin’ out testers
I got peng tings givin’ man stress
I ain’t gotta sex it, message or text it
I don’t wanna do you and I
Like I’m in Leicester skippin’ my lectures
We used to ride ’round all reckless

[Verse 1]
Stolen ‘peds, that’s Geely and Vespas
And the feds called my broski restless
Said he got a charge in the car, no Tesla
And everybody ’round me rowdy
I walk in, tell the jeweler, “Wow me”
If you’re talkin’ ’bout P’s just ‘low me
19, I put 19 on an Audi
I’ll never forget that day that I found me the cutest caramel brownie
And the chest and back both bouncy
Trust me, everyting shake, no Saudi
My G just came out for a shooting
And Ramz done a madness, charting
Say that man got something in common
‘Cause trust me, both of their tings been barking
If you see him at a drink, cut parking
Do it like Jordan, run up and spark him
My G’s been on badness, way before they had a moustache like Stalin
And this ting’s all love and hate, ’cause a lot of man love to hate
My young G done draws and eights
Now he’s cuttin’ through bricks like the 1-1-8
And I ain’t on indirects, diss me, and I take that personal
How you gassed off a note that’s purple?
Bet you never got it off white like Virgil
Two men and an angry murk
That’s war wit’ a German, Winston Churchill
It’s mad when man wanna murk you
But you know you gotta be in by curfew
And I seen a lot of man get pressured, why?

[Chorus]
I grew up in Streatham
And teachers was givin’ man tests
Same time mandem were givin’ out testers
I got peng tings givin’ man stress
I ain’t gotta sex it, message or text it
I don’t wanna do you and I
Like I’m in Leicester skippin’ my lectures
We used to roll ’round all stupid

[Verse 2]
Mitcham Lane, that’s Streatham and Tooting
I’m in East tryna link my girl
‘Cause I’ve got a baby, a crossbow like Cupid
Man are dead or in jail, that’s useless
Tell a yute, “If you’ve got a brain, then use it”
Now I drive past man I went school with
You was the cool kid, now you look clueless
And I’m still tryna tell man, “Fuck the Audi, switch it for a Benz”
When you’re tryna make it out the ends
Friends of enemies are enemies
And enemies of enemies are friends
Fuck the Benz, I switch it for a Beamer
Tell the dealer, “Need a bigger litre”
He told me he’s on me when he sees me
I barely remember why we’re beefin’

[Chorus]
But I grew up in Streatham
And teachers was givin’ man tests
Same time mandem were givin’ out testers
I’ve got peng tings givin’ me stress
Nudes in the message, put in an effort
But I don’t need a me and you
Like when a chef would eat at his restaurant