Peskov responded to NATO statements about a possible victory over Russia

Photo: kremlin.ru

The Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said that Western countries “gravitate towards the apocalypse”. So he answered the question of journalist Pavel Zarubin, who asked to respond to the statements of the NATO countries that spoke about the military way to resolve the conflict in Ukraine.

According to Peskov, it is better to talk about something more constructive. He added that it was to be hoped that “some political will and some political reason still remained at least partially in the collective West.” The Kremlin speaker stressed that this mind is fully preserved in Russia.

NATO leaders at the summit in Madrid approved a new strategic concept for the alliance until 2030. It recognizes Russia as “the most significant and direct threat” security. Belgian Prime Minister Alexander De Croo later noted that Russia could allegedly be defeated “only on the battlefield.” In this regard, he called on the leaders of the alliance states to support Ukraine.

Meanwhile, Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Alexander Grushko said that NATO was starting a new arms race. According to him, this process is an aggressive military construction. He demands “mandatory demonization of the enemy”, as Grushko said.

Источник www.mk.ru

Grushko announced the beginning of NATO’s new arms race

The Deputy Foreign Minister, speaking about the new concept of the alliance, said that it is not only about political guidelines, but “the process of military construction will be built under these guidelines.” NATO recognized Russia as a “direct threat”

Alexander Grushko

NATO is starting a new arms race, Deputy Foreign Minister Alexander Grushko said during a discussion of the Valdai Club, commenting on the new Strategic Concept of the North Atlantic Alliance, RBC correspondent reports.

“We are talking not only about political installations that will work for a long time, but under these installations the process of military construction will be built. NATO starts an arms race,— he said, noting that it would require “mandatory demonization of the enemy.”

“Hostile military planning and hostile policies” the diplomat called “such an explosive mixture, from which it is very difficult to get out.” NATO pulls 'into a dangerous spiral' not only the whole of Europe, but the whole world, Grushko noted.

The diplomat considered the situation “very serious”: NATO, in his words, “creates a threat to itself and tries to neutralize this threat.” He assured that the Russian side would take this into account when building a defense policy.

NATO leaders on June 29 at the summit in Madrid approved a new strategic concept for the alliance for the next decade. It defines Russia as “the most significant and direct threat to the security of NATO members” and also considers challenges from China for the first time.

In the previous version of the document, approved in Lisbon in 2010, Moscow was considered as a partner, cooperation with which “is of strategic importance, since it contributes to the creation of a single space of peace, stability and security.” China was not mentioned in the document.

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In December 2020, the bloc recognized Russia as the main military threat until 2030. China followed.

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Grushko says NATO questioned China’s right to development

Deputy Foreign Minister Grushko: NATO questioned China's right to development =”Grushko said NATO questioned China's right to development” />

NATO questioned China's right to development when it called the country a threat. This was stated by Deputy Head of the Russian Foreign Ministry Alexander Grushko at a discussion in the international club “Valdai”, RBC correspondent reports.

He considered that NATO went beyond the original mandate, as it should be engaged in maintaining security in the North Atlantic region, and not in the Pacific.

“This is primarily an indicator that NATO is globalizing, NATO declares the whole world a zone interests and, in fact, calls into question the right of China to develop as one of the poles of the already established multipolar world, — said Grushko.

He considered that the announcement of Russia as the main threat— this is “a real bid for confrontation, containment of Russia on all fronts.” According to him, Moscow will assess the situation from a political and military point of view in order to ensure the interests of Russia's security and defense capability.

At the summit in Madrid on June 28 & ndash; 30 June, NATO adopted a new strategy, a document on reforming the alliance until 2030. The alliance called Russia the main military threat, and put China in second place. NATO explained that China is challenging the interests, security and values ​​of the West, and also seeks to undermine the international order.

In response, Chinese Foreign Minister Zhao Lijian said that NATO itself poses a “systemic challenge to peace and stability.” He noted that the bloc positions itself as a regional defense organization, but continues to expand, “unleashing wars everywhere and killing civilians.”

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The Foreign Ministry called the entry of Finland and Sweden into NATO the saddest episode

The accession of Finland and Sweden to NATO will make the Baltic Sea region a zone of rivalry, Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Alexander Grushko warned /42/756566855456426.jpg” alt=”The Foreign Ministry called the entry of Finland and Sweden into NATO the saddest episode” />

The expansion of the North Atlantic Alliance by joining Finland and Sweden will lead to a deterioration in regional security and turn the Baltic region seas into the zone of military rivalry, said Deputy Foreign Minister of Russia Alexander Grushko.

“The expansion of NATO, the entry of Finland and Sweden there” is, in my opinion, the saddest episode in the evolution of European security, “— said Grushko, speaking on the sidelines of the Valdai Club on July 1. He added that he did not understand the motives that led these two countries to join the alliance, and that they were essentially “turning into NATO's periphery.”

“If we follow the logic of the Madrid decisions, then after this accession is finalized, NATO will start talking about the fact that the biggest vulnerability— this is the Russian-Finnish border, which must be protected. This is 1300 km, so it is necessary to place troops, weapons and so on there. All this will lead to a deterioration in regional security, to significant threats to complicate the situation in the north,— continued the deputy minister. He noted that such a development of events will narrow the possibilities for peaceful cooperation, which, according to him, is now in great demand in this part of Europe and the world. “This will most seriously worsen the situation in the Baltic Sea region, which, as a result of NATO expansion, the military development of the territory of new members from the most militarily calm region, will turn into an arena, well, if not a military confrontation, then definitely a military rivalry,” — said Grushko.

He stressed that Russia has no territorial disputes with Finland and Sweden, but their accession to NATO— it is “a very significant shift.” “It will be a new military-political reality that will influence our military planning process. What we considered unimportant and insignificant remains in the past. Now we will deal with a situation where potentials can be placed along our borders and at a fairly shallow depth that will threaten the military security of Russia, — he said. He noted that Russia would take measures to ensure its own security.

Finland and Sweden applied to join NATO in mid-May amid the Russian military operation in Ukraine. However, Turkey has blocked the process of joining the two countries to the alliance. During a separate meeting on the sidelines of the NATO summit in Madrid, which took place from June 28 to 30, the three countries managed to reach a compromise, after which Ankara lifted its veto. Stockholm and Helsinki have officially received the status of countries invited to NATO. Now their entry will have to be approved by the parliaments of 30 countries— members of the military-political bloc.

President Vladimir Putin said earlier that the entry of Sweden and Finland into NATO does not cause concern for Moscow. “We have nothing to worry about in terms of Finnish and Swedish membership in NATO. They want to [join NATO]— please. Only they should clearly and clearly imagine that before there were no threats to them, and now, if military contingents and infrastructure are deployed there, we will have to respond in a mirror manner and create the same threats for the territories from which threats are created to us, — he said following the results of the Caspian summit on June 29.

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Erdogan’s intentions to again block Finland and Sweden from joining NATO weighed

“The Turkish leader has the potential to scare the Swedes and Finns by suspending this process”

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan once again said that his country will not ratify the admission of Finland and Sweden to the North Atlantic Alliance if they do not fulfill the obligations previously agreed upon at the NATO summit. In the meantime, Helsinki emphasized that they would not agree to change the legislation, and that they could extradite the persons requested by Ankara only if there were good reasons. The expert said whether the Turkish leader will again block the possibility of Finns and Swedes joining the bloc.

Photo: AP

Erdogan reported that the Swedish authorities promised to extradite to Turkey 73 members of the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK), recognized by the Turkish authorities as a terrorist organization.

“Sweden has given its word on the extradition of terrorists, there are about 73 of them,” the head of state said during a press conference following the NATO summit in Madrid. “We were given guarantees.” However, earlier it was about 33 Kurds who are accused in Turkey of terrorist activities.

The Turkish leader also added that Ankara will monitor whether Stockholm will fulfill its promise. According to him, if the Swedes and Finns refuse to comply with the agreements, the Turkish Parliament will not consider approving their application to join the North Atlantic Alliance.

Moreover, Erdogan said that Finland and Sweden need to amend their legislation on terrorism. The politician referred to the Memorandum of Understanding between the three countries adopted at the beginning of the week.

This agreement provides for the cooperation of states against the PKK, showing solidarity with Ankara in the fight against all forms of terrorism, cooperation in the field of information exchange in the fight against organized crime and terrorism, as well as the refusal to support the movements accused of attempting a coup in 2016.

In turn, the Finnish Minister of Foreign Affairs Pekka Haavisto notified that Suomi would not agree to change the law. “If the condition for Turkey's ratification of Finland's membership in NATO is a change in our legislation, Finland is unlikely to make such concessions,” the head of the Finnish foreign policy broadcaster Yle assured. The politician pointed out that the Memorandum does not talk about changes in the law or anything like that.

“We did not take on such obligations,” Haavisto insists. Everything that was agreed upon was written down on paper. Different points of view can be expressed, but there can be no agreement on anything other than what is stated in the text of the document.”

In addition, the Finnish Foreign Minister noted that the country could give in to Turkey’s demands for the extradition of persons , whom she considers terrorists only “if there are very good reasons.”

How, then, can Turkey build obstacles for the Swedes and Finns, if they show obstinacy and do not comply with Ankara's demands? Actually, Erdogan himself stated this following the results of the Madrid summit. According to Erdogan, the implementation of the 10-point agreement by the two countries will depend on whether he sends their application for NATO membership to the Turkish parliament for ratification. Under the procedure, countries seeking to join the North Atlantic Treaty Organization must obtain approval of their membership applications from all member states of the bloc and go through the process of ratification by their respective national parliaments. So, theoretically, the Turkish president can arrange lengthy delays in this direction if he is dissatisfied with the actions of NATO “recruits”. But how far is he willing to go? We turned to an expert with this question.

“Apparently, Erdogan is unlikely to again block the possibility of Finland and Sweden joining NATO,” Nikolai Topornin, associate professor at MGIMO and director of the Center for European Information, comments to MK. – Based on what is now being heard from Brussels, Ankara, Helsinki and Stockholm, the parties have come to compromise solutions. The Turkish authorities stated that if the Finns and Swedes fulfill their obligations, they will not prevent them from joining the North Atlantic Alliance. It seems that this decision suited everyone, including the leadership of the bloc and the United States.

Another thing is that Erdogan can slow down this process if Helsinki and Stockholm refuse to fulfill their obligations. These are not just empty words about respect for the laws of Turkey and the lack of support for some Kurdish separatists. The tripartite agreement states that both Finland and Sweden must deprive the status of political refugees of more than 70 Turkish citizens, who are just Kurds and Erdogan enrolled in the list of “terrorists”. They obviously face a serious trial in their home country if they are deported.”

This is where certain difficulties arise, the expert believes. The very human rights mechanisms of Sweden and Finland are such that no one will send political migrants or refugees anywhere.

“It is clear for what purpose the Kurds came to these countries – to ask for protection from Erdogan,” continues Nikolai Topornin. – They gave it to them. And now it is proposed to remove this protection and return them back. What will the Finnish and Swedish authorities look like if they take such a step? There is a serious problem here, over which the lawyers and politicians of the two European states will have to rack their brains.

Perhaps Finland and Sweden will decide to give their citizenship to the Kurds. Earlier, the Finnish Minister of the Interior even made a lengthy statement that Helsinki would never extradite its citizens to anyone under any circumstances. Alternatively, Kurds who have been hiding in the country for a long time can be granted citizenship. Then Erdogan will be told that they are no longer Turks, but Finns, so no one is going to expel them.

Moreover, the Finns can send the Kurds to neighboring Norway to remove this issue. I doubt that Helsinki and Stockholm will send them to Turkey. Personally, I don’t see such a course of events yet.”

According to the expert, Erdogan continues to send such signals and threats to countries, since this is a matter of principle for him. There are political opponents inside his country, there is a serious Kurdish national minority that is fighting for the so-called state of Northern Kurdistan, seeking to secede from Turkey.

“The Turkish leader has elections next year,” said Nikolai Topornin. “There is internal opposition there. There are also external oppositionists, such as the famous Fethullah Gulen, who is in the United States. They have connections, contacts and money to support Erdogan's opponents inside the country, to guide them. Therefore, the head of state does not want to leave these obligations on paper. He needs concrete action. It is difficult to say how Erdogan will behave further, since he is an unpredictable person. Maybe he will put up with it, or maybe he will show his character. After all, even if the applications of Finland and Sweden are accepted, various legal procedures and voting will begin, Turkey will still have the opportunity to stall the process of their admission to NATO.”

Meanwhile, the expert stressed that the Americans, Germans and French could put pressure on Erdogan in this matter. They will push the Turkish leader to give the green light. In fact, he has already done this, although he retained the right of veto.

“Erdogan has the potential to frighten the Swedes and Finns by suspending this process,” sums up Nikolai Topornin. – At the same time, despite the fact that Stockholm and Helsinki are currently going to join the North Atlantic Alliance, they still say that with strong obstacles they can abandon this idea. Their current status is quite satisfactory. As I understand it, some euphoria has passed among the countries. If the situation in Ukraine had normalized, I think they would definitely postpone joining NATO.”

Источник www.mk.ru

Erdogan listed the promises of Sweden and Finland for NATO membership

In particular, the President of the Republic said that Sweden promised to expel 73 members of the PKK, which has been declared a terrorist organization in Turkey

Recep Tayyip Erdogan

Sweden and Finland must fulfill the promises made to Ankara, after which the Turkish parliament will ratify their applications for NATO membership (the candidate must receive approval from all member countries of the organization), Recep Tayyip Erdogan said at a press conference following the summit of the North Atlantic Alliance.

«Main— fulfill your promises. From now on, we will carefully monitor the process and take reciprocal steps,— quotes Turkish President CNN Turk.

The politician said that Sweden and Finland should extradite “terrorists” to Ankara, amend the legislation on terrorist organizations as soon as possible, and also “prevent terrorist propaganda against Turkey.”

“Sweden promises that 73 terrorists will be extradited to Turkey»,— he said, noting that he received the appropriate guarantees.

Sweden and Finland have announced plans to join NATO after the start of the Russian special operation in Ukraine, but Turkey's position has become an obstacle, which said that the two countries provide asylum to members of the PKK and supporters of the religious figure Fethullah Gülen, whom the Turkish authorities consider the mastermind of the 2016 coup attempt. .

At the NATO summit, which began in Madrid on June 28, Turkey, Sweden and Finland held talks, as a result of which Ankara agreed to join. After that, NATO officially invited Sweden and Finland to the alliance, and the Secretary General of the organization, Jens Stoltenberg, announced that the entry would be one of the fastest in the history of the military bloc.

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Russian President Vladimir Putin, commenting on the plans of Finland and Sweden to join NATO, said that in Russia is “not concerned about this”, but warned of a mirror response from Moscow in the event that the military contingent and alliance infrastructure are deployed in these countries.

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What do the decisions of the NATO summit mean for Russia?

NATO leaders agreed to increase the rapid reaction force in Europe by almost eight times, and also officially invited Finland and Sweden to join the alliance. What does this mean for Russia and what could be the answer? ” alt=”What do the NATO summit decisions mean for Russia” />

How NATO will be strengthened

On Wednesday, June 29, the leaders of the NATO countries at the summit in Madrid agreed to increase the size of the alliance's rapid reaction force by almost eight times— up to 300 thousand people. Now it is 40 thousand fighters, who should be ready to start combat missions within 15 days. Until 2014, it was planned that the scale of such forces would not exceed a division and amount to about 13 thousand military personnel.

NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg said the increase will take place in 2023. He explained that the countries of the alliance will prepare and finance these forces for the defense of certain territories in the east. NATO forces will be deployed in different countries to defend specific areas of the territory of the alliance members. The bloc plans to place heavy equipment and weapons on the border with Russia.

On the same day, US President Joe Biden said that the US military presence in Europe would be strengthened, the deployment of US troops would change to meet modern realities. In particular, Washington intends to increase the number of rotational units in the Baltic countries and deploy an additional brigade of more than 3,000 soldiers and officers on a rotational basis in Romania. The headquarters of the 5th US Army Corps will be located in Poland, and two squadrons of fifth-generation F-35 fighter-bombers capable of carrying nuclear weapons will be sent to the UK. The number of American destroyers based in Spanish Rota will be increased from four to six. These ships are equipped with Aegis (Aegis) systems and are part of the US-deployed global missile defense system. In addition, the United States is going to deploy additional air defense assets in Germany and Italy.

After the collapse of the USSR, a significant part of NATO forces was reduced to non-combat-ready units, that is, forces that are not capable of immediately engaging in battle, said Ilya Kramnik, a researcher at the Center for North American Studies at the IMEMO RAS, an expert of the Russian Council on International Affairs, in a conversation with RBC. The available NATO Rapid Response Force is, however, very limited. As for their increase to 300,000 people, most likely, it is not about the number of combat-ready units, but about creating opportunities for the rapid deployment of new units, Kramnik suggested. That is, additional military bases with a set of weapons will be equipped, where you can quickly transfer personnel already trained to work on this equipment. “For example, a base with a set of equipment for a brigade is being deployed. Through this base, a certain number of military personnel are annually trained on this equipment. Accordingly, everyone who has passed this training can be gathered and put on alert within a few days, — the expert explained.

Such bases will appear, most likely and first of all, in the countries of Eastern Europe from Poland to Romania, Kramnik believes. “At the same time, many NATO countries have already increased military spending and, apparently, will increase the size of their armies. In particular, previously reduced divisions will be recreated in Germany, — noted the expert. According to him, the heavy weapons that the countries of the alliance can deploy,— these are main battle tanks, artillery installations with a caliber of more than 100 mm, multiple launch rocket systems, armored personnel carriers, infantry fighting vehicles, etc. “That is, what was limited under the CFE [Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe, in which Russia suspended participation in 2015],” — summed up the expert.

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How NATO plans to expand

NATO leaders also officially invited Finland and Sweden to the alliance (claims against Turkey were withdrawn on June 28) and called Russia the most significant threat to the security of the alliance countries and stability in the Euro-Atlantic region. Russian President Vladimir Putin has failed to close NATO's doors, Stoltenberg said Wednesday: “He's getting the opposite of what he wanted. President Putin will deal with the broader NATO alliance after the entry of Sweden and Finland into the alliance.

In mid-April, Deputy Chairman of the Russian Security Council Dmitry Medvedev wrote on his Telegram that an increase in the number of NATO members from 30 to 32 would lead to the fact that “Russia will have more officially registered adversaries.” “If Sweden and Finland join NATO, the length of the land borders of the alliance with the Russian Federation will more than double. Naturally, these boundaries will have to be strengthened. Seriously strengthen the grouping of ground forces and air defense, deploy significant naval forces in the waters of the Gulf of Finland, — summed up the ex-president, concluding that “we can no longer talk about any non-nuclear status of the Baltic states”; balance must be restored.

  • The decisions of the Madrid NATO summit were recorded in a declaration. It states that the heads of state of the alliance met in Madrid at a time when “the war returned to the European continent”, so the leaders reaffirmed their commitment to the unity and basic principles of the alliance, in particular, “the commitment to the Washington Treaty, including Article 5, remains ironclad.” (this article says that an attack on one of the members of the alliance is an attack on all).
  • Russia is mentioned 13 times in the declaration (China – once), in particular, it is indicated that the Russian Federation is “the most significant and direct threat to security, peace and stability in the Euro-Atlantic region.” This is also fixed in the NATO strategy approved at the summit. NATO allies strongly condemned Moscow's actions in Ukraine, calling them a violation of international law, and called on Moscow to immediately cease hostilities and withdraw troops from Ukraine, they called on Belarus to stop supporting Russia.
  • Ukraine was promised by 30 NATO countries political and practical support, in particular the acceleration and increase in the supply of non-lethal weapons.
  • In addition to strengthening the rapid reaction units, NATO leaders decided that each country would approve its own military development plans, which would strengthen the overall capability of the alliance. To develop the technologies used by the alliance, a special accelerator and innovation fund will be created that will unite the efforts of governments, the private sector and scientists.
  • Special measures of political and practical support for Bosnia and Herzegovina, Georgia and Moldova will also be developed.

How Russia will respond

The deployment of additional NATO forces in Eastern Europe will lead to compensatory measures on the part of Russia, Deputy Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov commented on the decision of the alliance. Moscow has the possibilities and resources to ensure its own security 100%. “We will not remain in debt, as they say,” — Ryabkov noted. Those who propose solutions to strengthen the military presence of the North Atlantic Alliance in Eastern Europe “are under the illusion that Russia will be able to be intimidated, somehow restrained,” & mdash; says Ryabkov. “That's what they can't do,” — he concluded.

“In principle, Russia has something to answer, but the growth of the military budget— this is a rather heavy burden on the economy, and there are many questions about how adequately it is possible to economically provide this increase in forces, — warns Kramnik.

  • On June 29, British Prime Minister Boris Johnson called on the states & mdash; NATO members to increase military spending in light of the events in Ukraine. “We need all allies to dig deeper [into their reserves] in order to increase deterrence and secure defense in the coming decade. [Defense spending in the form of] 2% [of GDP] has always been considered a minimum amount, not a ceiling, — he said.
  • In mid-May, the head of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen, announced that the EU countries will increase defense spending by €200 billion.

We will have to attract more military personnel under the contract, buy more and modernize the entire set of equipment, Kramnik predicts. In terms of the number of both people and weapons, the Russian army is not very focused on confrontation with NATO, just like the countries of the alliance today are not ready to fight with Russia. “Here is a big question about the possibility of economics” who is better able to support the increase in strength, & mdash; summed up the expert.

For Russia, the strengthening and expansion of NATO does not mean anything good: the northwestern direction is becoming the main threat, says the editor-in-chief of the Arsenal of the Fatherland magazine. Reserve Colonel Viktor Murakhovsky. “In that direction against Norway there is a separate army corps and the joint strategic command “North”. Obviously, they will have to be strengthened and the appropriate strike means should be placed there,»,— explained the military expert.

According to the decree of the President of Russia, which entered into force in 2018, the number of the country's Armed Forces is set at 1,902,758 people. Of these, 1013628— military personnel. This is about 400 thousand contract soldiers, about 270 thousand conscripts and a certain number of officers, Murakhovsky recalled. “In all likelihood, a presidential decision will be needed to increase the size of the peacetime army by at least 20%. NATO is growing every year, and it is impossible to leave this unanswered,— concluded the expert.

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The United States did not see the need for contacts with Russia on NATO forces in Europe

Kirby: The US has not informed Russia about plans to strengthen its military presence in Europe The US has not contacted Russia on military presence in Europe and believes that this is “not necessary”, said John Kirby

John Kirby

The United States did not inform Russia in advance about its plans to increase its military presence in Europe. This was stated by the coordinator for strategic communications of the National Security Council (NSC) John Kirby, reports CNN. he said.

Pentagon official Celeste Wallander, who deals with international relations, told reporters that NATO's announced measures do not violate any treaties with Russia, including the founding treaty Russia — NATO.

Earlier, NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg said that the alliance will increase the rapid reaction force from 40 thousand to 300 thousand people by 2023.

He indicated that these forces will be trained and financed by different states — NATO members to defend the territories of the alliance on the eastern flank. The bloc's plans also include an increase in battle groups and deployment of military equipment in forward positions.

NATO countries at the summit in Madrid adopted a new strategic concept for the next ten years, identifying Russia as “the main threat to security.”

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An increase in the number of NATO troops Stoltenberg announced two days earlier. Prior to this, the newspaper El Pais, citing sources, wrote that during the NATO summit, the countries will discuss increasing the number of military alliances stationed in Europe.

The Kremlin said that the Russian Defense Ministry is developing plans to strengthen the country's western borders in response to strengthening of the North Atlantic alliance on the eastern flank.

On June 29, NATO also officially invited Sweden and Finland to join the alliance. Their membership will have to be approved by the parliaments of 30 countries— members of the military-political bloc.

Russian President Vladimir Putin, in turn, warned that the entry of Sweden and Finland into NATO could aggravate the already “difficult situation in the field of international security.” According to him, Russia will be forced to respond if additional military infrastructure appears on their territories.

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Stoltenberg said NATO is preparing for escalation with Russia since 2014

The Secretary General of the alliance noted that from that moment on, the bloc began to strengthen its military presence on the eastern borders. The NATO summit decided to invite Sweden and Finland to the bloc

NATO has been preparing for a confrontation with Russia since 2014, the military operation did not come as a surprise to the alliance, NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg said during press conference following the first day of the summit.

“NATO has been preparing for such a possibility for a long time, not that on February 24 we realized that Russia is dangerous,” — he said, adding that Western intelligence had warned countries— NATO members about Russia's buildup of military forces near the borders with Ukraine and its plans to start military operations.

“The reality is that we have been preparing for this since 2014. Therefore, we strengthened our military presence in the east of the alliance and NATO began to invest more money in defense,— Stoltenberg explained.

At the summit, the alliance adopted a new strategic concept, which called Russia “the most serious and direct threat to the security of NATO members and peace and stability in the Euro-Atlantic region.” The members of the bloc decided that they would continue to counter the “Russian threats”, “irresponsible rhetoric” Moscow and respond to “its hostile actions.”

NATO also condemned the special operation in Ukraine and called on Russia to immediately cease hostilities.

< /p>The summit is being held in Madrid and will last three days, from 28 to 30 June. In addition to adopting a new strategic concept, NATO members have decided to give Sweden and Finland, which applied to join the alliance in May, the status of invited countries. Turkey has previously opposed their membership, accusing both states of harboring individuals whom Ankara considers to be terrorists. However, the Office of the Finnish President reported that the differences have been settled and Turkey will support the applications of the two countries. Their entry must be approved by all 30 Member States.

President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky addressed the participants of the summit. In his statement, he asked the question — “Has Ukraine not paid enough yet?” for joining NATO, and also called on the West to support Kyiv with weapons, finances and politically, since the fighting in Ukraine is “for the right to dictate terms in Europe.”

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Putin said that Russia has no problems with Sweden and Finland in NATO

President Putin: Russia will respond in a mirror image to the response to the contingents in Sweden and Finland Sweden and Finland received an invitation to join NATO on June 29th. Putin said that Moscow is not concerned about the possible entry of countries into NATO, but warned them against deploying military contingents and infrastructure of the bloc

Russia is not concerned about the possible entry of Finland and Sweden into NATO, but will mirror the deployment of the alliance's military infrastructure in these countries, President Vladimir Putin said following the results of the sixth Caspian summit.

“We have nothing to worry about in terms of Finland and Sweden's membership in NATO. They want to [join NATO]— please. Only they should clearly and clearly imagine that before there were no threats to them, and now, if military contingents and infrastructure are deployed there, we will have to respond in a mirror manner and create the same threats for the territories from which threats are created to us, — said the head of state (TASS quote).

At the same time, the President stressed that the call of Western countries to Ukraine to refuse negotiations with Russia confirms that everything is being done to achieve the imperial ambitions of the united West. “This is a means to protect their own interests. That is, through the hands of the Ukrainians, the Ukrainian people, NATO members and the leading NATO countries simply want to further assert themselves, assert their role in the world, confirm not their leadership, but their hegemonism in the truest sense of the word, their imperial ambitions, — he explained.

Sweden and Finland decided to join NATO in May amid the ongoing Russian military operation in Ukraine. On May 18, they submitted their applications to the bloc's Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg.

NATO officially invited Sweden and Finland to join the alliance on June 29, following the results of the summit in Madrid. “The accession of Finland and Sweden will make them more secure, NATO— stronger, and the Euro-Atlantic region— safer. The security of Finland and Sweden is of paramount importance to the North Atlantic Alliance, including during the accession process,— said in the block statement.

For a long time, Turkey opposed the membership of Sweden and Finland, which demanded from them the extradition of members of the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK), whom it considers terrorists, the closure of all organizations associated with the PKK, and the provision of guarantees. The parties were negotiating and on June 28, the Office of the Finnish President reported that the differences had been settled and Ankara would support the applications of the two countries.

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As NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg said, the upcoming entry of Finland and Sweden will send a signal to Russian President Vladimir Putin that the doors of the alliance remain open and now he will “get more NATO at the Russian borders”, although he sought the opposite. According to the NATO official, the membership of Finland and Sweden “will change the whole situation in the Baltic region” because they will “cover up” Estonia, Lithuania and Latvia and will allow to strengthen the presence of the bloc.

Putin has previously warned that the entry of Sweden and Finland into NATO could aggravate the already “difficult situation in the field of international security.” Dmitry Polyansky, Deputy Permanent Representative of Russia to the UN, said that Sweden and Finland, who want to join NATO, could become Russia's target if alliance troops appear on the territory of these countries. “They know that as soon as they become members of NATO, this will require certain mirror steps from the Russian side,” — he said, calling NATO “an unfriendly bloc”; and “enemy”.

Authors Tags Persons

Vladimir Putin

politician, President of Russia

October 7, 1952

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NATO has identified Russia as a “major security threat”

NATO members demanded that Russia “immediately stop” the military special operation in Ukraine, and Belarus – “stop its complicity” in it. The alliance also accused China of seeking to “undermine the international order”

The new NATO Strategic Concept calls Russia “the main security threat.” This is stated in a statement following the meeting of the participating countries, published on the website of the alliance.

“The Russian Federation is the most serious and direct threat to the security of NATO members and to peace and stability in the Euro-Atlantic region,” stressed in the statement. NATO countries agreed that they would continue to counter the “Russian threats”, its “irresponsible rhetoric” and respond to “her hostile actions.”

The North Atlantic Alliance called on Russia to immediately stop the military special operation in Ukraine, and Belarus— “cease your complicity” in it.

In addition, NATO said that China challenges the interests, security and values ​​of the West, and seeks to undermine the international order.

NATO Summit takes place from 28 to 30 June in Madrid. A new NATO strategic concept document is adopted for the next ten years.

The Strategic Concept outlines NATO's security goals and objectives, as well as the challenges the Alliance faces in a changing security environment.

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In the strategic concept “Active participation, modern defense» (2010) outlines three main objectives: collective defense, crisis management and cooperative security.

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Sweden and Finland received an invitation to join NATO

Now the accession of Sweden and Finland will have to be approved by the parliaments of 30 NATO member countries ” alt=”Sweden and Finland received an invitation to join NATO” />

NATO has officially invited Sweden and Finland to join the alliance, according to its website. These countries now have invited status.

“The accession of Finland and Sweden will make them more secure, NATO— stronger, and the Euro-Atlantic region— safer. The security of Finland and Sweden is of paramount importance to the North Atlantic Alliance, including during the accession process,— the NATO statement says.

Now the accession of Sweden and Finland will have to be approved by the parliaments of 30 countries— members of the military-political bloc.

Sweden and Finland announced their intention to join NATO after the start of Russia's special operation in Ukraine. Both countries emphasized that the decision was not directed against Moscow and was due to the changed security situation.

However, Turkey opposed the membership of Sweden and Finland, which demanded that they extradite members of the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK), whom it considers by terrorists, closing down all organizations associated with the PKK and providing guarantees. The parties were negotiating and on June 28, the Office of the Finnish President reported that the differences had been settled and Ankara would support the applications of the two countries.

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As NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg said, the upcoming entry of Finland and Sweden will send a signal to Russian President Vladimir Putin that the doors of the alliance remain open and now he will “get more NATO at the Russian borders”, although he sought the opposite. According to the NATO official, the membership of Finland and Sweden “will change the whole situation in the Baltic region” because they will “cover up” Estonia, Lithuania and Latvia and will allow to strengthen the presence of the bloc.

Putinge warned that the entry of Sweden and Finland into NATO could aggravate the already “difficult situation in the field of international security.” According to him, although the expansion of the bloc at the expense of these countries will not create an “immediate threat” for Russia, it will be forced to respond if additional military infrastructure appears on their territories.

The Foreign Ministry also reacted negatively to the future entry of the two countries into the bloc, which considers the expansion of the alliance “a purely destabilizing factor in international affairs” ;. According to Deputy Head of Department Sergei Ryabkov, the admission of new countries to the bloc does not add security to either the entrants, or the alliance, or other states that “perceive it as a threat.”

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Zelensky compared NATO policy to turnstiles in the Kiev metro

Zelensky said that Russia is conducting military operations in Ukraine “for the right to dictate conditions in Europe”, in connection with which he demanded that the West support Kyiv with weapons, finances and politically

Volodymyr Zelensky

Ukraine needs to receive from NATO security guarantees, and members of the organization must find a place for the country in a common security space. This was stated by Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky in his address to the participants of the NATO summit.

He compared the “open door” policy to NATO with old metro turnstiles in Kyiv. “They are open, and when you come in, the turnstiles close until you pay. Has Ukraine not yet paid enough? Is our contribution to the protection of both Europe and the whole of civilization still insufficient? What else do you need then?»— asked Zelensky.

In addition, the Ukrainian leader stressed that military operations in Ukraine are being conducted “for the right to dictate terms in Europe”, in connection with which the West must support Kyiv with weapons, finances and politically.

p>

So, Ukraine needs modern anti-missile and air defense, Zelensky added. “The distance from Kyiv to Madrid is less than the range of the missiles that are being used today against us. How can one state respond to such a threat without the help of partners? asked the President of Ukraine.

According to Zelensky, Russia looks at the world differently— not like the NATO countries. If the West sees Lithuania as a member of the alliance and an independent state, then for Moscow this country is still a republic of the USSR.

«For us, this is the past, but they see it as a possible future, they want to enslave it again. They look like that. And also— for every state that is a neighbor of Russia», — he added.

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In 2015, Russian President Vladimir Putin, speaking about the military operation in Syria against IS militants (a terrorist organization banned in Russia), drew a parallel with his childhood in Leningrad.

«Even 50 years ago, a Leningrad street taught me one rule: if a fight is inevitable, you must strike first»— then Putin said.

The NATO Summit is taking place on June 28 & 30 in Madrid, where members are discussing a new NATO strategic concept document.

Thus, Belgian Prime Minister Alexander de Croo, upon arrival at the alliance summit, said that the Ukraine can only be resolved by military means and that NATO should continue to support the Ukrainians in the face of Russia's special operation.

Western officials have repeatedly noted that they intend to build Ukraine's ability to resist on the battlefield and to have a stronger position at the negotiating table with Russia. In particular, this was announced in early May at the White House, calling this position the role of the United States. The head of European diplomacy, Josep Borrell, expressed a similar opinion when he said that “this war must be won on the battlefield.”

Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov called Borrell's statements “out of the ordinary.” He considered that such words symbolize “a very serious turn”; in the policy of Western countries towards Russia. Lavrov also saw the EU's intention to make Ukraine “a foothold for the final suppression of Russia.”

The Kremlin has repeatedly said that the possible entry of Ukraine into the alliance threatens Russia's security, and NATO itself was accused of “pumping” Ukraine with weapons and “invasion” on the territory of the country “with its own infrastructure”.

Russia perceives forceful containment by the West as a threat to the national security of the country, said in February, before the start of the special operation, President Vladimir Putin at a joint press conference with German Chancellor Olaf Scholz.

“The forceful containment of Russia is perceived by us in as a direct and immediate threat to national security, which the legal agreements on the basis of the drafts [agreements on security guarantees] submitted by us are designed to remove, — he said.

Putin then said that the US and NATO were “free enough, in their favor” interpret the key security principles that are fixed in many pan-European documents, and Russia cannot turn a blind eye to this.

Authors Tags Persons

Vladimir Zelensky

politician, president of Ukraine

January 25, 1978

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NATO began to prepare for a confrontation with Russia in 2014

Jens Stoltenberg. Photo: AP.

NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg said at a press conference that the alliance did not realize on February 24 that “Russia is dangerous.”

“NATO has been preparing for this for a long time,” he said.

“The reality is that we have been preparing for this since 2014,” the head of the North Atlantic bloc added.

He noted that as part of this preparation, the presence of troops and equipment in the east of the alliance was strengthened , in addition, the organization began to invest more in defense.

According to Stoltenberg, the West tried to talk with Russia before the special operation, but Moscow “decided to continue to implement its plans.”

Recall that Today, at the NATO summit, a new strategic concept of the alliance was approved, in which Russia is called “the most significant and direct threat to security.”

Recall that Russia sent draft agreements on security guarantees with the United States and NATO. However, after several rounds of consultations, the US and NATO replied that they refused to sign these documents.

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NATO has turned Ukraine into a “dump” of obsolete weapons

Ukrainian Armed Forces instructed to dispose of unnecessary Western military equipment

The NATO summit is intended to become a factor in supporting Kyiv in the confrontation with Russia. However, it seems that this support is more and more in words. At least, with real deliveries of Western weapons to Kyiv, everything does not look so encouraging for Ukraine.

Photo: dvidshub.net < p>Terrible statements are being made these days not only by NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg, but also by other Western politicians. For example, Belgian Prime Minister Alexander de Croo urged “to continue to support President Zelensky and the population of Ukraine so that they win on the battlefield.”

Support, presumably, is Western weapons and equipment. But in fact, the flow of Western weapons to Ukraine has noticeably decreased compared to the first months. Then, transport planes from the USA, Britain with weapons went to Polish Rzeszow in an endless stream.

Now, according to the General Staff of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, the European Union, for example, will provide Ukraine with more than 90 off-road military trucks. And Germany and the Netherlands intend to supply Ukraine with six more German-made Panzerhaubitze 2000 self-propelled guns. In this news, the key word is “intention”. Even if this intention is implemented, it will not radically affect the balance of power.

“Europeans are already openly mocking the Ukrainian Nazi regime,” the Kedmi Telegram channel comments on this information.

Another example of the true attitude of Western countries towards Kyiv is the delivery of VAB armored personnel carriers with weapons promised by Paris. They were announced by the French Minister of the Armed Forces Sebastien Lecornu. We are talking about “several dozen” armored personnel carriers from the storage bases of the French army.

It is worth recalling that the French armed forces received 4151 VAB (4×4) wheeled armored personnel carriers from 1976 to 1988. That is, the “freshest” armored vehicle of this brand is 34 years old. Not the first freshness. The rest are generally of “Balzac age”. Approximately 2,500 armored vehicles are considered fit, most of which are at storage bases. Now several dozen armored personnel carriers from the bases will be sent to the Donbass.

As told to MK Director of the Center for Analysis of Strategies and Technologies (CAST) Ruslan Pukhov, despite good mine protection, the VAB armored personnel carrier – this is a very outdated technique.

– The armored car has a capricious engine, and the whole system as a whole is not very reliable. That is, it turns out – on you, God, what is useless for us, – the expert said.

Loudly declaring support for Kyiv, NATO countries are turning Ukraine into a dump of obsolete weapons. NATO, apparently, does not think about what such a “utilization” of the Western “second hand” leads to. It's a pity. Military reporter Alexander Sladkov announced, for example, the number of losses of the Armed Forces of Ukraine – 50 thousand dead. And tens of thousands of wounded, thousands of prisoners. Did Belgian Prime Minister Alexandre de Croo think about these victims when he called to “continue to support President Zelensky”? The question is rhetorical.

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“Bow before the tyrant”: Swedish Kurds condemn Turkey’s deal with NATO

Official Stockholm was accused of surrendering to “Despot Erdogan”

Turkey pulled a big surprise by abruptly reneging on its promises to block Finland and Sweden from joining NATO. It is clear that Ankara does not smell of any charity and just good will towards the future NATO allies. Erdogan's office openly stated that the Turks got “what they wanted”. And numerous Kurds living in Scandinavia believe that they were betrayed and sold out for the sake of the geopolitical ambitions of the Swedish government.

Photo: AP

Perhaps someday the undercover agreements between Turkey, Finland and Sweden (and, perhaps, the United States, which so far denies this) will become known. But what lies on the surface is enough: Stockholm and Helsinki have promised to break off relations with Kurdish groups that Ankara calls “terrorist” (they are the PKK, the Syrian Kurdish organizations YPG/PYD, and the Gulenist movement FETÖ). The Scandinavians have promised to fight the terrorist threat together with the Turks.

The icing on the cake for Erdogan was the promise of the Finns and the Swedes to lift the arms embargo imposed after Turkish troops intervened in northern Syria (again, mainly against Kurdish formations).

In the context of the deal, the topic (especially, however, not emphasized) of extradition was also mentioned: Helsinki and Stockholm promised to promptly respond to Turkish requests for the deportation of suspected terrorists. According to AFP, Turkey is demanding the extradition of 33 terrorist suspects from Sweden and Finland. And, as Swedish Prime Minister Magdalena Anderson told Aftonbladet, any extraditions will take place “within the framework of national and international law.”

Many were satisfied with the outcome of the deal. The leaders of Sweden and Finland rejoice at the last-minute green light given to them by their future NATO allies. The leadership of the alliance is happy that everything will be dignified and noble at the Madrid summit, without two important applicants left behind. Most of all, of course, Erdogan has reasons to rub his hands – he achieved a foreign policy breakthrough, struck a blow at Kurdish groups, and agreed to lift the arms embargo. And, of course, in the eyes of his compatriots, he confirmed his reputation as a heavyweight politician who knows how to make proposals to Western democracies that they cannot refuse.

But the Kurds, who have found a new home in Scandinavia, are dissatisfied with the conciliatory position of their politicians, to put it mildly. The news about the settlement of the conflict between Ankara and Stockholm over the Swedish application for NATO membership was received by representatives of the large Kurdish community living in the Scandinavian kingdom (estimated to be about 100-150 thousand people) with great disappointment and anxiety. However, they are not the only ones.

Member of the Riksdag (parliament) and leader of the Left Party Nushi Dadgostar (her parents once fled to Sweden from Iran to escape persecution) believes that the Swedish government should explain what it was it that now agreed.

“First, the government should convene the leaders of the parties and explain what they have agreed on,” Svenska Dagbladet quoted her as saying. “Based on media reports, it looks like a foreign power should be allowed to decide who should be deported and what should be published in Swedish newspapers.”

“We warned in advance of the dangers of leaving Swedish security policy in the hands of Despot Erdogan,” resents Nushi Dadgostar. “But the government denied that this would happen. Now we need to put the cards on the table. Should Sweden arm Turkey in its war of aggression against Syria? Which critic of the regime should be deported?”

Another member of the Swedish parliament, former Kurdish guerrilla Amine Kakabawe, is deeply disappointed with the deal between Sweden and Turkey and calls it a betrayal of the Kurds.

She threatened to launch a no-confidence vote against Foreign Minister Ann Linde, who had a hand in a controversial deal with Turkey. However, the head of the Swedish government, Magdalena Anderson, stood up for her head of the Foreign Ministry: “More than 80 percent of the members of the Riksdag represent parties wishing to join NATO. It would be very difficult to explain to the Swedish people why they voted for a vote of no confidence in the very minister who participated in the negotiations, so that we can take this step.”

“This is a betrayal on the part of the government of Sweden, the NATO countries and Stoltenberg, who are deceiving an entire group (we are talking about the movements of the Syrian Kurds YPG/PYD – “MK”), which liberated itself and the whole world from DAISH (ISIS, “Islamic State” – banned in the Russian Federation terrorist organization), the Swedish edition of Dagens Nyheter quotes the reaction of Amine Kakabave, whose extradition, according to media reports, is demanded by Turkey. “Especially when it comes to the struggle of women, which Sweden allegedly supports. Thousands of women sacrificed themselves to free the world from ISIS.”

Recall that earlier Kakabawe, who recently supported Prime Minister Magdalena Anderson with her decisive vote during a vote of no confidence, reached an agreement with the government that Sweden will continue to support the Syrian Kurdish militia YPG (“People's Protection Units”) and deepen cooperation with its political wing, the Democratic Union Party (PYD). But now, for the sake of joining NATO, Sweden and Finland have promised not to support these organizations. Thus, past agreements crumbled.

There was a place in criticism from a member of the Swedish parliament, which the Turkish edition of En Son Haber called “a supporter of terrorists”, and personally for NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg, who welcomed Turkey's agreement with Finland and Sweden to the extent that these countries are ready to work with Ankara over the extradition of terrorist suspects in the future.

“Stoltenberg himself feels warm and safe. He doesn’t know how the rest of us saved our lives by escaping imprisonment and executions,” says Amine Kakabava.

At the same time, the Kurdish activist believes that Sweden will legally never be able to extradite people who fled from persecution and face imprisonment in Turkey. In her opinion, the deal with Ankara has a much more negative impact on Sweden, which, according to Kakabava, “bowed before the tyrant” (that is, Erdogan), in terms of morality.

When asked by Dagens Nyheter, does she understand politician that Stockholm still had to negotiate in order to join NATO, Amine Kakabava replied: “Yes, a settlement must be negotiated, but why at the expense of the Kurds? Why use the Kurds as a bargaining chip?

Источник www.mk.ru

Guests of the NATO summit in Madrid were surprised by the “Russian salad” for 8 euros

Serious battles unfolded around the name of the appetizer

At the NATO summit in Madrid, despite the euphoria over the removal of obstacles for Turkey to join the alliance between Sweden and Finland, a scandal broke out with gastronomic and political overtones. The reason for it was the appearance of the Russian salad in the cafe menu for the participants of the meeting.

Photo: pixabay.com

International officials and journalists were stunned to find “Russian salad” at the top of the menu at a restaurant waiting for world leaders at a highly secure NATO summit site on the outskirts of Madrid, Reuters reported.

In fact, a salad of peas, potatoes, carrots and mayonnaise, a bit reminiscent of Olivier salad, has long become one of the main dishes on the menu of Spanish restaurants, but on the eve of the NATO summit, at which Russia is expected to be called a “security threat” in the new strategic concept of the alliance in connection with the conflict in Ukraine, the presence of a harmless snack on the menu caused bewilderment.

“Russian salad at the NATO summit? I'm a bit surprised by this choice of dish,” journalist Iñaki López told Spanish publication La Sexta.

As noted by Reuters, the dish's attractively high carbohydrate content seemed to outweigh its “dubious” name, and reportedly the salad was sold out within a few hours. The cost of a serving of “Russian salad” (Ensaladilla Rusa) is 8 euros according to the menu.

More diplomatic thoughts were applied to the menu served to NATO defense and foreign ministers at a banquet at the baroque Santa Cruz Palace in central Madrid on Tuesday evening.

José Andrés, Spanish chef from the Netflix series The “chef's table” that coordinated the ministerial meal served this classic tapas, but added “tomato dumplings” to it and renamed the dish “Ukrainian salad” as he did in his restaurants throughout Spain.

Be that as it may, at the NATO summit, someone showed “political myopia”, giving the wits a reason to change the line from the old fable of Sergei Mikhalkov: “But Russians eat salads!”

In general, about that the traditional “Russian salad” began to be renamed in Spanish catering establishments into “Ukrainian” or “Kyiv”, the media reported back in March.

It all started when the Mesón Martín restaurant in Malaga changed the name of the salad on its menu, calling it “ensaladilla Kiev” instead of “ensaladilla rusa” and added a small image of the Ukrainian flag next to it. The initiative was quickly picked up, and other bars and restaurants renamed their “Russian” salad into “Ukrainian”. And the owner of one of the establishments decided to rename the “Russian salad” into “Olivier salad”, apparently not suspecting that this is the most popular New Year's snack in Russia.

By the way, during the fascist dictatorship of Generalissimo Franco in Spain, they already tried to rebrand the popular salad, which has been known in this country since at least 1858, when it was mentioned as part of the menu proposed in the book “Modern Cuisine” according to the French and Spanish school Spanish chef Mariano Munoz. After the Civil War, attempts were made in some Francoist circles to change the name “Russian” to “national salad” or “imperial salad” in order to avoid any association of the dish with the Soviet Union or communist ideas. Nevertheless, even during the life of Franco in the 1950s, one could find information about the “Russian salad” in cookbooks.

In general, the “Russian salad” (this is how its Spanish name can be literally translated) is popular not only in the Iberian Peninsula, but also in other countries – for example, in Scandinavia (russisk salat).

In principle, there is nothing new in boycotting the names of dishes – suffice it to recall that during the US aggression in Iraq, Americans changed the name of french fries from “French fries” (that is, French fries” to “Freedom fries” (that is, “freedom of fries”) after the French government opposed the intervention in 2003. Subsequently, however, everything returned to full circle.

Fake smiles at the NATO summit: Erdogan, Biden, Macron and others

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The accession of Finland and Sweden to NATO returned the Baltic to the “pre-Petrine times”

Experts assessed the new threats to Russia from the West

During the NATO summit in Madrid, Turkey, Finland and Sweden nevertheless came to a compromise. Ankara no longer objects to the admission of the Scandinavians to the Alliance. The issue of NATO expansion can be considered resolved. It is clear that this changes the balance of power in the northwest of Europe. How exactly the situation is changing, and what Russia will be forced to do in this regard, “MK” found out from experts.

Photo: Global Look Press

The entry of Sweden and Finland into the Alliance for the Russian General Staff did not come as a surprise. As our military say, it was only a matter of time. For 10-15 years, these countries have been actively cooperating with NATO, buying NATO weapons. They also participated in joint maneuvers with the Alliance, which were carried out according to the same scenario: Russia attacks one of the Western countries, the Swedes and Finns, together with NATO, stand up for its defense, and then together celebrate the victory over the “Russian aggressor”.

Reality, as everyone understands, if something happens, it will, of course, be somewhat different. And Russia will have to prepare for it.

According to Igor Korotchenko, editor-in-chief of the National Defense magazine, we will have to reckon with the fact that Finland, and Sweden – especially Sweden – are serious military powers that have their own defense industry. They have great capabilities in the field of electronic intelligence and cyber operations. This addition to the Alliance will have to be taken seriously.

In order to additionally cover the state border and form new units in the structure of the Western Military District, time and considerable expenses will be required. Korotchenko believes that we will be able to quickly eliminate the obvious imbalance with NATO in terms of the number of troops, the ratio of weapons and military equipment only by relying on tactical nuclear weapons.

For this, he says, it will be necessary to equip the troops of the Western Military District and the Baltic Fleet with tactical nuclear weapons. These warheads should be installed on Iskander missile systems and Kalibr missiles on ships and submarines as a means of deterring the Alliance.

Yes, in this case we will have to forget about the non-nuclear status of the Baltic Sea, but this, as they say, was not our choice. We simply have to respond to NATO expansion.

And in general, one must understand that in the event of a war with NATO, Stockholm and Helsinki become potential targets for strikes by our nuclear missiles, along with Washington, London or Berlin. What they fought for, they ran into.

With the entry of Sweden and Finland into the Alliance, a special situation is developing for Russia in the Baltic, which is turning into NATO's inland sea.

“Here, for a fundamental solution to the problem, apparently, it will be necessary to reincarnate Peter I, since the situation is returning to pre-Petrine times,” military expert Captain 1st Rank in the reserve Vladimir Gundarov jokes bitterly. – Access to the Baltic Sea for Russia comes down to a narrow strip of land in the Kaliningrad region, which is already blocked from Lithuania, and to the eastern coast of the Gulf of Finland. In addition, the entire Baltic Sea is already becoming NATO.

This means, the expert clarifies, that the submarine forces of the Baltic Fleet will be trapped in the Gulf of Finland. The distance between the Finnish (in the north) and Estonian (in the south) islands is less than 16 nautical miles. NATO members have the opportunity to establish an anti-submarine line in a narrow corridor of neutral waters.

In addition, Gundarov recalls, we have several major shipyards in St. Petersburg, including the Baltic Shipyard, which has experience in building nuclear cruisers. And we plan to continue building them. For example, the following situation may arise: we have built a promising nuclear destroyer of the Leader project for the ocean zone, and NATO members forbid it to enter the Baltic Sea. There can be any pretext for this.

And that's not to mention access to the North Atlantic through the straits between Denmark and Sweden. Previously, one of the shores of these straits (Sweden) was not NATO, which we used. Now, not only to the North Atlantic, but also to the Baltic Sea, they will try to block the exit. Civil shipping, the expert believes, will also be completely dependent on the “good” will of the neighbors. And their kindness is well known to us.

– In the entire post-war history, – says Gundarov, – the Swedish aviation lost only one pilot in the confrontation with the ships of the Baltic Fleet. He flew around our nuclear cruiser Peter the Great, which was released for testing, did not calculate the height and crashed into the sea. All that remained of him was a headset, which we handed over to the Swedish authorities. This incident is detailed in the cruiser's secret Historical Log. The crashed aircraft was called the Saab 37 Viggen, Swedish for “bolt”. So, now a situation is being created where the number of incidents at sea will grow exponentially. They won't get off with one “bolt”.

Fake smiles at the NATO summit: Erdogan, Biden, Macron and others

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Stoltenberg said that “Putin will get more NATO” near the borders of Russia

According to the secretary general of the alliance, the Russian president, who demanded that NATO refrain from advancing to the Russian borders, achieved the opposite. Turkey agreed to support Finland and Sweden's entry into the alliance

Finland's and Sweden's upcoming entry into NATO will send a signal to Russian President Vladimir Putin that the doors of the alliance remain open; Putin, who insisted on NATO's refusal to expand, achieved the opposite, NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg said at a press conference following the signing of a memorandum between Finland, Sweden and Turkey.

“He wanted less NATO, but now President Putin will get more NATO at the Russian borders,” — said Stoltenberg.

The Secretary General also noted that the membership of Finland and Sweden in the alliance “will change the whole situation in the Baltic region”: they will “cover up” Estonia, Lithuania and Latvia and will allow to strengthen the bloc's presence in the region.

Turkey agreed to support the entry of Finland and Sweden into NATO. The countries signed a memorandum that takes into account Ankara's objections to the arms embargo and the fight against terrorism in the Nordic countries, including the suppression of the PKK, which Turkey considers a terrorist organization.

Last December, Putin pressed the US and NATO for written security guarantees. In particular, he insisted that the alliance refuse to move to the east and not accept Ukraine into its ranks.

“We were given promises not to advance the infrastructure one inch. They said one — did something else. Now NATO is in Poland, Romania, the Baltic countries. As we say among the people — cheated, cheated. Then the US withdrew from the missile defense treaty. And now the launchers are in Romania and will soon be in Poland. And there are installations on which you can install “Tomahawks”; — strike missiles. Isn't that a threat to us? — Putin said on February 1.

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Vladimir Putin

politician, President of Russia

7 October 1952

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Roskosmos published images of “decision-making centers” for the NATO summit

Roskosmos published the coordinates and satellite photos of NATO's “decision centers” Medvedev said earlier that Russia could strike at decision-making centers “not in Kyiv”

State Corporation “Roscosmos” published on the day of the start of the NATO summit satellite images of objects in the countries— alliance members. The summit takes place from 28 to 30 June in Madrid.

“While representatives of the 30 countries of the alliance, as well as partners and candidates, will deal with the strategic concept until 2030, Roscosmos publishes satellite photographs of the summit venue and those same “decision-making centers” that support Ukrainian nationalists,— says in the publication of “Roskosmos” in Telegram.

Also, Roskosmos published the coordinates of the objects, as the organization explained: “So, just in case.”

The coordinates correspond to the buildings taken from the satellite:

  • in Washington— The White House and the Pentagon;
  • in London— point on Downing Street next to the British Foreign Office and the Prime Minister's office;
  • in Paris— coordinates of the Elysee Palace;
  • in Berlin— coordinates of the office of the Federal Chancellor of Germany;
  • in Brussels— NATO HQ coordinates.

The coordinates of the object from the satellite image in Madrid are not indicated in the publication, however, the photo itself has the signature IFEMA— short for Institución Ferial de Madrid. This organization holds fairs, exhibitions, congresses and other public events. Its congress hall is located in Madrid.

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According to Il Mundo, the summit will be held in the IFEMA pavilions in the Spanish capital. Because of the NATO summit, increased security measures were introduced in the city. In particular, according to the newspaper, the Interior Ministry sent an additional 12,000 police officers from other regions of the country to the capital. Together with the capital's police officers (also about 12 thousand people), they will carry out the tasks of protecting the leaders of NATO countries and their delegations, as well as ensuring the security of events.

One of the stated goals of the summit&mdash ; to agree and approve the strategic concept of NATO development for the next ten years, until 2032.

Russia in the new concept of the alliance will appear as the main threat, Bloomberg wrote earlier and said US representative to NATO Julian Smith.

China, according to Bloomberg and the Financial Times, will appear as a “system challenge” for the values, security and interests of the members of the North Atlantic Alliance. In the previous version of the NATO strategy, published in 2010, China was not mentioned at all, and Russia was mentioned as a partner.

The current NATO Strategic Concept was adopted in 2010. It notes the need for a “strategic partnership”; with Russia. The main tasks of the alliance in it are called collective defense, crisis management and security through cooperation. The 2020 NATO report on NATO reform identified Russia as the main military threat to the alliance until at least 2030.

Russia sees NATO expansion as a threat. At the end of 2021, Moscow put forward a demand for NATO to provide legal guarantees for the non-expansion of the alliance to the east, and also sent draft security guarantees to the United States and NATO. Also, Russian officials have repeatedly said that Moscow opposes Ukraine's accession to NATO.

Negotiations on these documents have not yielded concrete results.

On February 24, Russia began special military operation in Ukraine.

At the end of May, Deputy Chairman of the Security Council Dmitry Medvedev, commenting on the words of US President Joe Biden that Washington does not plan to supply Ukraine with weapons capable of delivering strikes on Russian territory, said that in the event If Russian cities are still attacked, Moscow may strike “not at Kyiv”, but at the centers where these “criminal decisions” are made. “Some of them are not in Kyiv at all,” — Medvedev stressed.

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Medvedev: Ukraine in NATO is more dangerous for Russia than Finland and Sweden

Photo: Natalia Gubernatorova

According to the Arguments and Facts newspaper, Deputy Chairman of the Security Council of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev compared the danger of entering NATO of Ukraine, Finland and Sweden for our country.

According to him, for the Russian Federation, Ukraine in NATO is an order of magnitude more dangerous due to the presence of unresolved territorial disputes and different understanding of the status of regions.

&quot ;For us Crimea — part of Russia. And this — forever,” Medvedev stressed.

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NATO has prepared a new crusade to the East

Against Russia and Against China

For several generations of Russian people, the abbreviation NATO was a symbol of the mortal danger of a new world war. We perceived the enmity of the military bloc of Western countries with the Soviet Union as an irreconcilable contradiction of our communist faith and their liberal democratic principles.

Photo: Global Look Press

After the collapse of the Communist Party and the disintegration of a power based on the ideas of socialism, they began to expect a weakening of enmity and the establishment of interaction. But this did not happen. The NATO bloc not only survived, but also recently drew into its ranks the military allies of the USSR and even some of its constituent parts. It became clear that it was not about ideology. The roots of the ensuing 30-year rise in tension on Russia's borders and the current NATO-backed clash with Ukraine are to be found in geopolitics and history.

In the 1,500 years of Russia's presence on the world political stage, it has many times had to repulse the onslaught of coalitions of Western countries. It all started with the Crusades in the 13th century. Part of the crusaders plundered Orthodox Byzantium and fought with Muslims in Palestine. Another part tried with fire and sword to convert Orthodox Russians to the Catholic faith. Novgorod Prince Alexander in 1240 defeated the knights, whose ships entered the Neva River. Therefore, he entered his name in history as Alexander Nevsky. This great warrior was ranked among the main Russian saints not only for military victories. He was able to preserve the Orthodox faith by turning to the East for help. Prince Alexander made a trip to the headquarters of the Mongol Great Khan in Karakorum in 1247-1249 and received a “label”, a mandate to rule Kyiv and all other Russian lands. Russia paid a considerable tribute to the Mongols, but they did not demand to change their faith, to change the civilizational codes of the Russian nation.

Another big trouble came from the West in 1609-1618, when the combined Polish-Lithuanian troops took advantage of the internal strife of the Time of Troubles on Russian soil and captured Moscow. The Russian tsar and his troops were unable to resist the interventionists, who were assisted by the Crimean Tatars and Zaporozhye Cossacks. The Russian people themselves rebelled against them. The merchant Minin from Nizhny Novgorod gathered a militia, headed by the experienced Prince Pozharsky. The invaders were expelled to their lands. Until now, there is a monument to Minin and Pozharsky on Red Square in Moscow as a symbol of the love of freedom and masculinity of the peoples of Russia.

Once again, the combined forces of the West conquered Moscow in 1812. The army under the command of the French emperor Napoleon Bonaparte included troops from almost all of Europe. Among them were Italians and Spaniards, Bavarians, Saxons and Westphalians, Swiss, Austrians, Croats, Poles, Lithuanians and Portuguese. As a result, the number of French troops proper amounted to slightly more than half of the Big Army of 600 thousand bayonets and cavalry. Napoleon's numerous and experienced army took Moscow. However, the invaders were soon forced to leave the devastated and burned city and retreat back to the West. The cold doomed the French army to torment and hunger, it was melting under the constant blows of Russian troops and partisan detachments of peasants. A little more than 30 thousand people managed to leave Russia. In 1814, Russian troops triumphantly entered Paris.

The strengthening of Russia did not suit the other victorious power – England. She created a coalition to fight a recent ally from the troops of England, France, the Ottoman Empire and the Kingdom of Sardinia (part of present-day Italy). The main success of the Crimean War (1853-1856) for the troops of the West was the capture of the port of Sevastopol after a 349-day heroic defense. It is characteristic that the coalition of the countries of the West already in those years carried out aggressive actions also in the East. The ships of the Anglo-French squadron tried during the Crimean War to capture Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, an important port of the Pacific possessions of Russia. The unsuccessful assault on the city in 1854 was undertaken by the same ships and the same interventionist landings that participated in the Second Opium War against China (1856–1860).

Traditions of collective aggression against Russia have been developing in Europe for centuries. But its most striking manifestation was the German campaign against the Soviet Union in 1941-1945. The Fuhrer of Nazi Germany, Adolf Hitler, simultaneously hated the Soviet Union both as a stronghold of the communist idea and as a traditional geopolitical enemy. The same hatred was displayed by the anti-communist elites in other European countries. They considered fascism a lesser evil than Bolshevism, and it was not by chance that they quickly capitulated at first, and then began to supply the Wehrmacht (Germany's army) with modern weapons from their factories. This is exactly what France, Czechoslovakia and Belgium did. Italy, Spain, France, Hungary, Romania, Albania, Croatia, Finland and others sent military formations or volunteers to the front of the fight against Bolshevism. The detachments of “Galicians”, the inhabitants of Western Ukraine, have become sadly famous for their atrocities.

The Allies faithfully served Hitler until the first major defeats. Already during the battle for Stalingrad (July 1942 – February 1943), Romanian soldiers and officers began to surrender en masse. Of these, two Soviet infantry divisions were even formed, which already in 1944 entered into battle with German troops. After the arrest of Mussolini (July 1943), the Italian troops refused to fight the Soviet soldiers, the Germans shot the former allies in whole units. In September 1944, allied Finland turned its weapons against Germany. The fate of other national formations was sad. They were first used as cannon fodder in dangerous sectors of the front, and after the loss of confidence, they were disarmed and left to fend for themselves.

The strengthening of the Soviet Union as a result of the defeat of Nazi Germany and its allies frightened Russia's traditional opponents – the British, as well as the Americans, who became leaders of the Anglo-Saxon geostrategic alliance. Already in March 1946, Winston Churchill delivered the famous Fulton speech, which was directed against a recent ally – the Soviet Union and is considered the official beginning of the Cold War. The word was followed by action – on April 4, 1949, the United States created the North Atlantic Treaty Organization – NATO. Initially, it included 12 states. The main task of this organization was the unification of military and economic resources under the command of the United States in order to prepare for a total war against the countries of another military bloc – the Warsaw Pact Organization (OVD), led by the USSR. It was created only 6 years after NATO – in July 1955.

The confrontation between NATO and the Warsaw Pact lasted three and a half decades, it was sometimes very tense, but there was no war. The ATS was dissolved on July 1, 1991, shortly before the collapse of the Soviet Union. Almost immediately, the question arose of the advisability of NATO's continued existence. But the United States, which actually controlled the bloc, set a new task for NATO – to involve the former member countries of the Warsaw Treaty Organization and the post-Soviet countries of Europe in their structures. Now NATO, as well as the troops of Napoleon and Hitler, includes most of the countries of Europe. Geopolitical priorities have continued and continue to dictate the logic of the behavior of the military organization of NATO and its actual twin in the field of economics and politics – the European Union. The desire to expand NATO's geopolitical space at the expense of Russia's traditional sphere of influence has been at the center of the current Ukrainian crisis.

Caught on the brink of war with Russia, NATO leaders decided to reflect the new reality in the bloc's current founding document, the Strategic Concept. This will happen at the NATO summit, which will be held in Madrid on June 29-30. Two major changes are expected in the action plan for the coming years (the current Strategic Concept was adopted in 2010). First, Russia will be declared a security threat to NATO, not a partner. Secondly, China will be declared the same strategic adversary of NATO. Delegations from Australia, South Korea, Japan and New Zealand have been invited to the Madrid summit to plan anti-Chinese actions. These countries are not members of NATO, but they are essential elements of the system of containment of China, which Washington is persistently building. NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg did not remain silent about the fact that China will be mentioned in the Strategic Concept. In an interview with the German newspaper Bild am Sonntag, he called the rise of China “a challenge to our interests, values ​​and security.”

Washington urgently needs NATO to reinforce China's containment policy as soon as possible. To this end, the Indo-Pacific Strategy has been developed and is being implemented. Its practical content is both the already existing military alliances with Japan, South Korea and Australia, as well as the new military bloc AUKUS, and the military-diplomatic structure of the KVAD. US efforts are aimed at uniting all allies and their resources into the IPTO Indo-Pacific Treaty Organization (IPTO) along the lines of the Euro-Atlantic Treaty Organization. The new military bloc of the West will threaten Russia's security interests as a Pacific power. To an even greater extent, it will be directed against China. The traditions of the opium war and the collective robbery of Western countries are being revived in the 21st century. As for Russia throughout its history, the West is becoming the main source of threats for China.

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Medvedev considered that Sweden and Finland as part of NATO do not threaten Russia

Medvedev said that the accession of Sweden and Finland to NATO does not pose new threats to Russia

The accession of Sweden and Finland to NATO does not threaten Russia with “anything particularly new”, said Deputy Chairman of the Security Council Dmitry Medvedev in an interview with Arguments and Facts.< /p>

“If they feel better and safer by joining an alliance,— on health»,— he said.

At the same time, Medvedev noted that Russia would be ready for retaliatory steps and would strengthen its borders, as the length of NATO's land borders with Russia would more than double.

He considered that the prospect of Sweden and Finland joining NATO would not the citizens of the countries themselves are delighted. «Not the best prospect— to have our Iskanders, hypersonic missiles, warships with nuclear weapons at the threshold of your own home, — he pointed out.

Prior to Russia's hostilities in Ukraine, Finnish and Swedish authorities said they had no plans to apply for NATO membership. However, by May, the share of Swedes who are in favor of joining the alliance rose to 58% from 41% in February, Svt wrote, citing a Novus poll. This month, the number of Finns who approve of joining NATO rose to 76% from 53% in February, Yle reported.

The ambassadors of Sweden and Finland handed over their bids to join the alliance to NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg on 18 May. They should be considered by the Council of the North Atlantic Alliance— the main political governing body of NATO. Then the NATO membership agreement must be ratified by all 30 countries of the bloc. However, Turkey opposed the adoption of the countries.

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Named the forecast for Russia at the NATO summit

North Atlantic Alliance is going to strengthen its eastern flank

From 28 to 30 June, the NATO summit will be held in Madrid. Particular attention at the meeting of NATO leaders will be given to the Ukrainian theme. The parties will discuss the possibility of strengthening support for Kyiv. But among the members of the association on this issue there are a number of disagreements. The expert assessed whether the parties would be able to close the cracks in the desired “foundation of unity”, and also told what Russia should expect from the upcoming landmark meeting.

Photo: AP

NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg called the upcoming summit outstanding. “It will be historic, firstly, because the meeting of 30 allies will take place in the midst of the biggest security crisis in Europe since the end of World War II, – Stoltenberg noted. – Secondly, it will be historic, because we will make many important decisions.

NATO Secretary General also stressed that the parties will agree on the largest since the end of the Cold War; transformation of the collective defense of the alliance.

It is expected that the summit will discuss the issue of joining the block of Finland and Sweden. Consideration of these applications is actively blocked by Turkey. Ankara accuses Helsinki and Stockholm of supporting terrorists.

On the eve of the summit, Turkey once again confirmed that it was not going to join the anti-Russian sanctions of the West, as its economy would be seriously affected by this decision. Moreover, the official representative of the Turkish leader, Ibrahim Kalyn, said that the launch of the Russian special operation in Ukraine was not accidental, since it was preceded by decisions by NATO and the West.

“Over time, China quickly rose to the top of the economic pyramid, – Kalyn noted in an interview with journalists on the Haberturk TV channel. – Suddenly it became the second largest economy in the world. Russia began to doubt the pyramid in geostrategic and military terms, proposed to renegotiate the terms and sign a new balance agreement in 30 years. Those who wanted to suppress those trying to get out from below said: let's go the way of conflict.

Meanwhile, Stoltenberg announced that at the Madrid summit Russia would be declared a “threat to peace and stability.” In the new Strategic Concept, special attention will be paid to strengthening the military position against the “become more aggressive” Moscow.

According to preliminary data, the updated NATO concept will outline longer-term and multifaceted challenges to Euro-Atlantic security from China, as well as the alliance’s approach to transnational threats in the climate and space spheres, in the field of cybersecurity, etc.  

In addition, according to the White House, the United States “will announce steps to strengthen European security. Major new commitments are also expected regarding Allied contributions.

comments “MK” President of the Euro-Atlantic Cooperation Association Tatiana Parkhalina. – The previous one from 2010 stated that one of the main goals of NATO is to form a genuine strategic partnership with the Russian Federation. However, now, for the first time since 1967, Russia will be recognized as an enemy and threat to the alliance.

The importance and seriousness of this concept should not be underestimated, despite the fact that it will be implemented at a declarative level. The consequence of this will be the further strengthening of the eastern flank of the association. For understanding: until February 24, there were 4,500 NATO forces there, but now there are 40,000. For the first time, an alliance rapid reaction force has been deployed on the eastern flank and in Europe.

Moreover, we are talking about a serious increase in the presence and weapons. Moreover, in conditions when none of the parties withdrew from the founding act of 1997. On paper, it still formally exists. If this document spoke about the possible presence of NATO units on a rotational basis, now, apparently, we will talk about the presence on a permanent basis.

There has never been a unified position on all issues in such structures as NATO and the European Union, and, most likely, never will be, the expert believes. There is always compromise diplomacy, ongoing negotiations and discussions, which sometimes take considerable time.

“About” poured concrete ” the community need not say, – continues Tatyana Parkhalina. – The vitality and effectiveness of an organization is determined not by whether problems arise, but by how they are solved. There have always been disagreements in NATO on various occasions and issues. I think to some extent they persist. What would I pay attention to in this regard: on Sunday, June 26, on the sidelines of the G7 summit; French President Emmanuel Macron met with British Prime Minister Boris Johnson. Politicians represent two schools in the collective West and two approaches to resolving the situation in Ukraine. In short, in the “victory party of Kyiv” includes the UK, Poland, the Baltic states and part of the American establishment. In “the party of the beginning of the Russian-Ukrainian peace talks” – France, Germany, Italy and Hungary.

The agreements that were reached between Macron and Johnson just indicate that a common position has now been developed: the parties promised to provide assistance to Ukraine as much as needed, and also not to resolve the Ukrainian issue without the country itself. Only Kyiv, according to Western representatives, will depend on the conditions under which it will or will not sign peace agreements. In addition, the head of the British government urged not to exert any pressure on Ukraine under the terms of a possible agreement.

Thus, the existing cracks between these two countries were covered with concrete putty. The parties managed to eliminate these disagreements.

According to the expert, in recent years, “enfant terribl” The North Atlantic alliance is Turkey. In this sense, she took the place of France. Ankara, unlike most NATO members, has refused to impose sanctions against Russia. Moreover, the country opposed the possible entry into the alliance of Finland and Sweden.

“However, in the last two days there has been information that Ankara’s veto over Helsinki and Stockholm may still be overcome, – the expert continues. – As for economic sanctions, NATO does not deal with them. This is being done by the European Union, the G7 (G7). And just these days in the Bavarian Alps there is a talk about how to further strengthen the restrictions on Russian oil, gold, etc.

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Turkey announces new NATO summit with Finland and Sweden

The summit with the participation of the first persons of Turkey, NATO, Sweden and Finland will take place on June 28. Ankara will push for amendments to Finnish and Swedish laws to fight “PKK terrorists,” Erdogan's spokesman clarified

Turkey will hold a new round of negotiations with Finland and Sweden on NATO membership before alliance summit in Madrid, Turkish presidential spokesman Ibrahim Kalin said on Haberturk TV channel.

“On Tuesday [June 28], at the request of NATO Secretary General [Jens Stoltenberg], a summit of Turkey, NATO, Sweden and Finland will be held with the participation of our President [Recep Tayyip Erdogan]. It will be a summit before the NATO summit, — said Kalyn.

At the same time, according to the representative of Erdogan, Turkey's participation in the summit does not mean that it will “retreat from its positions.” He recalled the need to amend Finnish and Swedish laws to combat “PKK terrorists”; (The Kurdistan Workers Party— has been designated a terrorist movement in Turkey.)

Sweden and Finland applied to join NATO on May 18, explaining their decision by changes in the security sphere after the start of the Russian military operation in Ukraine. Stockholm and Helsinki stressed that such a move is not directed against Moscow. To join NATO, applications from Sweden and Finland must be considered and approved by all 30 countries — alliance members.

Turkey refuses to support the applications of Sweden and Finland to join NATO and demands that these countries extradite members of the PKK to Ankara, close all organizations associated with structures that Turkey considers terrorist, and provide the Turkish side with appropriate guarantees.

On May 25, Turkish, Finnish and Swedish representatives held talks in Ankara. After that, sources told Reuters that the meeting was not easy, and its participants made “little progress”; and did not achieve clear results. The Turkish President said at the time that he was not satisfied with the outcome of the talks.

NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg called Turkey's fears about supporting terrorism legitimate. According to him, the bloc continues to maintain close contacts with all parties in order to settle relations with Ankara and make progress on the applications of Sweden and Finland as soon as possible.

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In turn, Russian President Vladimir Putin noted that the intention of Sweden and Finland to join in NATO could exacerbate “an already difficult international security environment.” NATO expansion at the expense of these countries will not create an “immediate threat”; for Russia, but Moscow will respond if additional military infrastructure appears on their territories, Putin emphasized.

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Biden announced Putin’s unfulfilled hopes for a split in the G7 and NATO

The US President, at a meeting with German Chancellor Olaf Scholz, assured that the G7 and the North Atlantic Alliance would continue to maintain unity. The leaders of the G7 countries on June 26-28 will discuss pressure on Russia and assistance to Ukraine in Germany

Russian President Vladimir Putin, starting a military operation in Ukraine, counted on a split in NATO and the G7, but was mistaken, US President Joe Biden told German Chancellor Olaf Scholz , according to Reuters. The leaders held bilateral talks before the G7 summit, which will be held from June 26 to 28 in Germany.

“Putin from the very beginning expected that somehow NATO and the G7 would be split, but this did not happen and will not happen,— Biden assured. He thanked Scholz for “intensifying [aid to Ukraine] after he became Chancellor.”

After the outbreak of hostilities in Ukraine, the Group of Seven expressed support for Kyiv and condemned the Russian special operation. Countries of the “Seven” promised to provide Ukraine with military assistance “for as long as necessary” and declared their intention to prevent a Russian victory. Both Berlin and Washington handed over to Kyiv several shipments of weapons and military equipment, including heavy weapons.

On the eve of the first G7 summit since the beginning of the conflict, Reuters, citing a senior US official, said that the US would present specific proposals at the meeting to increase pressure on Russia and support Ukraine. After that, Biden said that the countries of the “Group of Seven” (United States, Great Britain, Canada, France, Germany, Italy and Japan), in particular, will announce a ban on the import of Russian gold. This information was confirmed by the British government. They clarified that the restrictions will apply to new production, but will not affect previously exported gold of Russian origin.

The government of the kingdom reported that Prime Minister Boris Johnson at the summit will urge colleagues not to weaken support for Ukraine. US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken said that the summit in Germany will discuss, among other things, the possibility of a diplomatic solution to the conflict.

In turn, NATO at the summit, which will be held June 28-30 in Madrid, will make new statements about the alignment of forces. In addition, the alliance will present a new strategic concept. NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg reported that Russia will be mentioned in this document as a non-partner block, a threat to its security.

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El País learned about NATO’s plans for the largest deployment in Europe in 30 years

NATO may decide during the Madrid summit to increase the number of troops stationed in Europe, which will be the bloc's largest deployment since the end of the Cold War. Countries close to Russia are asked to form divisions

NATO countries during the upcoming summit will discuss a possible strengthening of the alliance's presence in Europe, if approved, the number of military personnel deployed on the continent of the bloc will be the largest since the end of the Cold War, El País writes, citing sources.

“Some countries want to move from the current presence in the east of the alliance, consisting of battle groups, to brigades, & mdash; informed interlocutors of the newspaper reported.

Currently, the combat groups stationed in Eastern Europe number from 1-1.6 thousand military, the brigade formation implies an increase in their number at least twice, the newspaper writes. New units can also be armed with more sophisticated weapons, they will be given greater autonomy of action. Members of the alliance closer to Russia insist on the need to form divisions under the command of generals, the number of soldiers in it can reach 15 thousand.

Discussions on the largest deployment took place on Saturday, June 25, at NATO Headquarters in Brussels, El País sources said. According to them, the countries of the bloc intend to update the provisions of the “Position of Defense and Deterrence”, based, in particular, on the set of weapons and troops available to NATO to respond to potential security threats to the Euro-Atlantic region. The Alliance thus intends to demonstrate its readiness to protect its members, the newspaper writes.

El Pa&iacute's sources also noted that the new NATO strategic concept, which is planned to be adopted at the summit, actually “buries ties” with Russia, which have developed until recently. Unofficially, the document is already called the “Madrid Concept”, they note.

In the current strategic concept “Active participation, modern defense” (2010), in relation to Russia, it was said that the country “does not pose any threat”, and cooperation with official Moscow was recognized as “strategically significant”. The new version of the document classifies Russia as a direct and immediate threat due to fear of aggression against members of the alliance, El País interlocutors told.

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NATO's Strategic Concept defines the alliance's long-term strategy. It outlines NATO's goals and fundamental security objectives, as well as the challenges and opportunities facing the Alliance. The NATO Summit will be held in Madrid next week — from 28 to 30 June.

Alliance officials have spoken about changing NATO's strategic concept at the Madrid summit more than once. Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg called the forthcoming document “the basis for the era of strategic rivalry.” The U.S. representative to the alliance, Julianne Smith, said: “We basically agree that Russia is the top challenge, the top threat that NATO is currently facing.” The White House announced “broader balance-of-power announcements.”

At the same time, the United States, NATO and other European countries have repeatedly stated that they do not want a military confrontation with Russia. US President Joe Biden pointed out that such a scenario would lead to a world war. This, in particular, he explained the decision not to send US troops to Ukraine. At the same time, after the start of the special operation in Ukraine, NATO reinforced its military contingent in a number of Eastern European countries— Bulgaria, Hungary, Romania and Slovakia. Bloomberg sources said that Germany intends to increase the number of alliance military deployed in the Baltics.

Russia, for its part, accuses NATO and the United States of ignoring key security issues. In early February, Russian President Vladimir Putin said that Moscow was “thrown, well, just deceived”; in connection with the broken promise not to expand the alliance to the east. He called Russia’s special operation in Ukraine in early May a “preemptive rebuff,” since Western countries were supplying weapons to Kyiv and everything indicated that “a clash with neo-Nazis, Bandera, on whom the United States and its younger partners staked, would be inevitable.”

NATO denied Russia's promises not to expand the alliance to the east. “There is no solution anywhere in which the NATO countries agreed to abandon what is written in the founding NATO treaty, the Washington Treaty” — explained Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg.

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Swedish PM discusses NATO membership with Erdogan

Photo: pixabay.com

Swedish Prime Minister Magdalena Andersson discussed with Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan her country's entry into NATO. This was reported in the office of the Turkish President.

The telephone conversation took place on Saturday.

“The President discussed NATO membership issues with Swedish Prime Minister Magdalena Andersson. He pointed out the need for a concrete change in Sweden's position on the terrorist Kurdistan Workers' Party,” Erdogan's office said.

They added that Turkey expects Sweden to lift the arms embargo and restrictions that Stockholm has imposed on Turkey in the defense industry. Ankara wants to see concrete steps and commitments, but so far “does not see” changes in the position of Sweden that would remove concerns.

Earlier, NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg spoke about the “good call” with Erdogan on the membership of Sweden and Finland in NATO.

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Zelensky’s office rules out Ukraine’s steps to join NATO

Zelensky's office: Ukraine will not take steps to join NATO Nevertheless, Ukraine expects the North Atlantic Alliance to confirm partnership with Kyiv and hopes that any references to Russia as a partner will be removed from the new NATO strategic concept

Ukraine will not take steps to join NATO, because the members of the alliance have rejected the aspirations of the country. This was stated by Deputy Head of the Office of the Ukrainian President Igor Zhovkva in an interview with The Financial Times.

Kyiv recognizes that Ukraine's accession to NATO is impossible in the short term, but wants the Alliance to confirm the partnership, he stressed.

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In addition, the Ukrainian authorities hope that NATO will recognize Ukraine's central role in European security during a meeting in Spain, where the members of the alliance will determine the strategic direction of the organization for the next decade.

According to Zhovkva, Ukraine also wants any mention of about Russia as a partner were removed from NATO's strategic concept.

“We expect NATO's strategic concept to contain stronger and harsher warnings against the Russian aggressor. Do not be shy, this is my call to NATO members when formulating provisions regarding Russia, — he said.

In early June, Ukrainian Defense Minister Oleksiy Reznikov noted that NATO should consider granting Ukraine “de facto” rather than “de facto” -jure» alliance membership.

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The NATO Summit will take place on June 28-30 in Madrid, where members will discuss the new NATO Strategic Concept Paper. This document will guide the alliance for the next decade.

The Strategic Concept sets out NATO's purpose, nature and fundamental security objectives, and the challenges and opportunities the Alliance faces in a changing security environment.

In the current Strategic Concept, Active Engagement, Modern defense» (2010) outlined three main objectives: collective defence, crisis management and cooperative security.

The possibility of Ukraine joining NATO has been discussed for at least the last decades. In April last year, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky called NATO membership the only way to end the conflict in Donbas.

The Kremlin has repeatedly said that Ukraine's possible entry into the alliance threatens Russia's security, and NATO itself has been accused of “pumping” ; Ukraine with weapons and “invasion” on the territory of the country “with its own infrastructure”.

After the start of Russia's special operation in Ukraine, the Ukrainian authorities have repeatedly called on NATO to accept the country into the alliance. However, in early March, Zelensky said that Kyiv “has cooled” to this question. “We realized that NATO is not ready to accept Ukraine— the alliance fears contradictions and confrontation with Russia. We will never beg for something on our knees,— he said then.

Head of the Office of the President Mikhail Podolyak admitted that Ukraine could refuse to join NATO if there are security guarantees for the country.

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